Some leaves could develop necrosis with a weathered look to the outer edges. Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) young tree (left), leaves and flowers (right). Dogwood bark: Stiff dogwood tree bark is brown to gray that exfoliates to reveal interesting patterns on the straight, slender trunks. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray-green leaves edged in … The ovate leaves are light green with creamy-white edges. The green leaves add charm and movement during the growing season and set a perfect backdrop for the bright flowerlike bracts. Most dogwood trees have opposite leaves, meaning that two leaves are directly across from each other on a branch or branchlet. Compared to other species of dogwood, the Cornelian cherry doesn’t have showy spring flowers. Dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous trees and shrubs with distinctive flowers, berries, bark, and leaves. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Flowering dogwoods, Pacific dogwoods, red-osier dogwoods and rough-leaf dogwoods turn red. Leaf Identification | Identify Trees by Their Leaves. These magnificent dogwood trees grow up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall with a similar size spread. Dogwood bark: Red twig dogwood plants have thin stems that become bright red in late fall and winter. The alternate-leaf dogwood leaves change to reds and yellows. The one notable exception is the alternate-leaf dogwood tree. The flowers of red osier dogwood are small and white and grow in clusters. Trees should also be sprayed once in the fall after the leaves have changed color, but before leaf drop. Pagoda dogwoods have clusters of small creamy-white-colored flowers growing in a flowerhead. Initial indications include tan spotting along the upper portion of the leaves. However, the dogwood blooms into life in later winter, producing clusters of yellow flowers before the leaves appear. Dogwood leaves: Kousa dogwood tree leaves are dark green and elliptic-ovate-shaped, growing up to 4” (10 cm) long and wide. Click on leaf images to enlarge. Flowering dogwood trees are perennial species of woody plants belonging to the genus Cornus. Tree Identification Field Guide. The simple leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored or green stems. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae.Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. The green foliage turns a spectacular bright red in the fall. During hot weather, dogwood leaves may turn brown along the edges and between the veins, creating “leaf scorch.” Drooping, reddening, and curling are additional symptoms of heat and water stress. In spring, showy white flowers appear to create an eye-catching floral display. They are ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. This article is a comprehensive guide to the most popular and spectacular varieties of dogwood trees and shrubs. Powdery mildew is a disease which is common on many ornamental trees and shrubs, including dogwoods. Also called the European cornel dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwood grows between 16 and 40 ft. (5 – 12 m) tall. Don’t weed whack close to the base of the tree or otherwise wound its bark, since wounds provide an entryway for the borers. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. Dogwood leaves measure 2” to 4” (5 – 10 cm) long, and the elongated rounded form tapers to a point. Red twig dogwoods grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) high. The flowers on roughleaf dogwoods don’t have the showy white bracts of some popular garden dogwoods. All Viburnum species have opposite leaves A phraseopposite leaves. Dogwoods have simple, untoothed leaves with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins. Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. Flowering dogwood tree has clusters of greenish-yellow flowers surrounded by large, broad, rounded white petals which are actually bracts (modifies leaves). The Cornelian cherry dogwood species is a small flowering tree or medium to large deciduous shrub with tiny flowers, green oblong leaves, and red berries. The first parts of the tree to be affected are the flower bracts (petals). Dogwood bark looks scaly, and it peels easily. Dogwood flowers have four parts. Dogwood leaves: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood leaves are variegated lance-shaped leaves with green centers and ivory-colored wavy margins. In summer, the Kousa dogwood grows dense green foliage that turns bright red in the fall. Red osier dogwood is a common ornamental multi-stemmed shrub that provides decorative element with its red twigs in the winter. A distinctive feature of the pagoda dogwood species is the layered horizontal branches with upturned tips. Flowering Dogwood Trees and Shrubs: Types, Leaves, Bark – Identification (With Pictures). Dogwood bark: Bloodtwig dogwoods are multi-stemmed shrubs with stiff branches covered with red-colored bark. In the fall, dogwood leaves add to the charm of the tree by changing to bright colors. Leaves may also have necrotic veins and leaf margins, and large necrotic blotches. Dogwood leaves are smooth above and below, except for the aptly named rough leaf-dogwood. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Some types of dogwoods look like shrubs as they are small shrubby multi-stemmed plants. Dogwood leaves are classified as simple tree leaves that grow in an opposite arrangement on stems. Mountain dogwood trees grow between 15 and 40 ft. (4.5 – 12 m) tall. They add decorative touch to any garden. Dogwood trees are small to medium-sized trees, growing between 10 and 25 ft. (3 – 7.6 m) tall. Although the fruits look like large berries, they are drupes similar to cherries. Bloodtwig dogwood shrubs grow between 7 and 20 ft. (2 – 6 m) tall. Dogwood Identification. Some dogwood berries look like bright scarlet-red grape-like fruits growing in tight clusters. However, for now, let’s start building your identification muscles by looking at the easiest way to identify a particular broadleaf tree: by its leaves. ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! It spreads quickly by underground runners, so make sure to remove them to control spread. Left to right: Fruits of Cornus mas, C. alba ‘Sibirica’, C. kousa, and C. sanguinea). Many people rate flowering dogwoods as the most appealing of all the native North American flowering trees. Evergreen dogwood (Cornus capitata) tree and flowers. A characteristic feature of this dogwood species is its flat, slightly rounded crown. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, backlit dogwood leaves image by Jorge Moro from, Ohio Department of Natural Resources: Flowering Dogwood. Dogwood leaves: Evergreen dogwood leaves are dull green and may turn reddish in autumn. When masses of flowers bloom during April and May, the dogwood is a stunning tree in backyards. The flowering dogwood tree is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and 30 ft. (5 – 10 m). They also tend to grow in pairs on the stem. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. A typical dogwood leaf is oval and measures between 3 and 6 inches long. Wedding cake dogwood trees are smaller than the giant dogwood species tree and grow up to 25 ft. (8 m) tall. Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. Their size is about 3-6 inches long. The red-osier dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood leaves fall between 1.5 and 3.5 inches long, with alternate-leaf dogwood slightly larger, some making it to lengths of 4.5 inches. Their oval to heart-shaped leaves deepen to crimson and orange in fall. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. Here are some of the types of small dogwood trees or shrubs. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. Sometimes recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the leaf. Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. Flowering multi-stemmed pagoda dogwood shrub or small tree, grows best in partial shade to full sun as long as the ground drains well and is kept moist. Clusters of tiny white flowers bloom in spring and summer before producing dark blue drupes. Some … Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Bloodtwig dogwood (Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’). The distinctive feature of this small dogwood is the pinkish-white flowers with pointed white petals (bracts). This multi-trunk, small flowering dogwood has a vase-shaped growth that gradually becomes rounded. Dogwood leaves: The wedding cake tree leaves are ovate-oblong with dark green centers surrounded by cream-colored margins. 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) and hybrids of kousa and native dogwood (C. florida) are resistant to anthracnose and decline and should be used to replace dying trees. Identification & Lifecycle. Some species of dogwood trees have poisonous berry-like drupe, and some are edible. This makes small dogwood trees or shrubs suitable for compact gardens or for growing as a lawn plant. They typically have four petals ranging in color from white to pink, and they are found on the branches of the trees, near the leaves. One of the outstanding features of Cornus alba is its spectacular red winter bark. New growth is covered with a fine, white, powdery coating, typically on the upper surfaces of the leaves. Dogwood flowers are typically white, but some species produce yellow, pale red or pink blossoms. The bright red fruits are often eaten by birds. Dogwood bark: Kousa dogwood tree bark is thin and smooth that peels to give the bark a distinctive mottled appearance. Mature trees can grow to 10m. ‘Wolf Eyes’ dogwood is a small tree or multi stemmed shrub which is a smaller cultivar of the popular Cornus kousa tree. Dogwoods grow up to 1 ft. (30 cm) a year and can reach their full height within ten years. Although they are classed as a small tree, most specimens grow as multi-stemmed shrubs. The identification of the leaves of dogwood trees hinges on recognizing subtle differences in their features. However, the beautiful dogwood is also popular as a specimen tree in garden landscapes. Dogwood bark: Roughleaf dogwood tree bark is smooth and grayish-brown on immature trees. Dogwood bark: The wedding cake tree has smooth greenish-gray bark with shallow grooves. The major veins extend all the way to the leaf margin. Most species of dogwood are fast-growing ornamental trees that are ideal for garden landscapes. After flowering, red inedible fruits appear. Dogwood leaves: Gray dogwood has green leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer veins than other dogwood species. Dogwood Anthracnose is caused by the fungus officially known as Discula Destructiva, and it might be helpful if I describe some of the symptoms. Also, pronounced curved veins are very distinguishable on dogwood leaves. The single-stemmed tree has a slender trunk with a spreading rounded canopy of layered branches. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. Bark on flowering dogwood trees is one of its distinctive identifying features. Most dogwood species have a rounded to flat crown that requires little—if any—pruning. Anthracnose Identification . Mature pagoda dogwoods have a flat-topped crown. Dogwood bark: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood bark is scaly and exfoliating. Dogwood sawflies go through several stages of development, or instars, before they molt into adults. ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. All Rights Reserved. Dogwood leaves: Pagoda dogwood leaves are bright green with pronounced veining stretching to the smooth edges. Dogwoods are generally small to medium-sized flowering trees. The ‘Lustgarten Weeping’ Kousa dogwood is a beautiful ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. The small white flowers are grown in rounded clusters, and they give way to immature green fruits that turn white when ripened. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. After the large shrubs or small trees are established, you only need to water them regularly on hot summer days. The Kousa dogwood tree is a small to medium flowering shade tree that produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flowers in spring. Examples: Ash, Maple, and Olive. Gray dogwood is a large deciduous shrub that is also called northern swamp dogwood and panicle dogwood. Dogwood leaves: Red osier dogwood leaves are dark green with paler dull green underside and are 2 – 4.7″ (5–12 cm) long. Leaves on this dogwood species grow in an alternate leaf arrangement. Pagoda dogwood – Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ and Pagoda dogwood flowers. By Leaf Structure: Simple and Compound Leaves A phrase to help identify species with opposite leaves is MAD V: Maple, Ash, Dogwood, and Vibernum. Giant dogwood trees are medium-sized deciduous trees with a rounded growth habit. Also called red willow, redstem dogwood or red twig dogwood, red osier is a fast growing medium to large sized deciduous shrub that grows 5 – 13 ft. (1.5–4 m) tall and 10 – 16 ft. (3–5 m) wide. It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. The distinctive bark of dogwood trees makes these trees easy to identify. Flowering dogwood trees are popular ornamental trees for residential garden landscapes. Dogwoods flower every spring and require well-draining soil that is always moist. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New … John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. The grayish bark peels off to reveal tan or orange patches underneath. Required fields are marked *, Types of Fruit Trees With Pictures (Including Low Maintenance Self-Pollinating Varieties), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), Sycamore Trees: Leaves, Bark, Types - Identification Guide (Pictures), Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures). This tree’s visual appeal is its attractive smooth exfoliating bark growing in brown, tan, and gray patterns in winter. A: We have had several samples and questions come into the office over the past couple of weeks dealing with white powdery growth on dogwood leaves. Dogwoods trees produce berry-like fruit in various colors, shapes and sizes. Red osier dogwood requires well-draining, rich moist soil, and grows well in full sun or partly shaded areas. Other types of dogwoods that grow native to North America include flowering dogwood, Pacific dogwood, alternate-leaf dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood. Some species of tree produce pinkish or red petals, making the flowering tree even more attractive. Fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in spring and summer. However, some species of dogwood have leaves that grow alternately. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. The flowering trees are typically single-trunk decorative trees with white spring flowers and green summer foliage that turn reddish-purple in the fall. Flowers may or may not feature large bracts like those of the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). This kind has stiff hairs present on the upper part of the leaf and softer ones beneath that give the underside a woolly texture. The leaves grow opposite each other on the twigs on these types of dogwoods. Dogwood leaves: Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves grow up to 5” (12 cm) long in an oblong shape. Dogwood bark: Cornelian cherry dogwood bark is rough and scaly that peels to create orange and brown patterns. Dogwood leaves help to make the trees popular as ornamentals because of their colors. The lime-green oblong-ovate leaves have prominent veins that stretch toward the pointed tips. So, if you have a dogwood tree growing in your backyard and you don’t know its species, you shouldn’t consume the drupes. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. Although the small decorative trees thrive in partial shade, they will grow well in full sun if you water them regularly. Leaf scorch is a common problem in dogwood tress, and a sign that your tree is under water stress. As the dogwood matures, the bark becomes scaly and flaky before developing into block-like patterns. Ascochyta cornicola is a fungus that appears on dogwood foliage after unusually rainy springs, attacking new leaves as they emerge. They have visible veins that curve parallel to the margins. Dogwood leaves: Giant dogwood tree leaves are broad oval leaves up to 6” (15 cm) long. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Dogwood bark: New bark of gray dogwood is tan-brown that turns to gray as the twigs mature. This is one of the dogwoods’ characteristics that give the tree appeal in a winter garden landscape. Dogwood Tree Diseases Flower and Leaf Diseases Spot Anthracnose: This infection is caused by the fungus Elsinoe corni. Others can be purple-black or white. Wedding cake tree (Cornus controversa ‘Variegata’). Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a … The leaves of dogwoods possess a green upper surface, with the underneath surface of the leaves having a much paler appearance. Flowering dogwood is a beautiful shrub to small tree with a straggling, spreading crown. Other names for the Kousa dogwood tree are Japanese dogwood or Chinese dogwood. The roughleaf dogwood tree is a small flowering tree with dark green oblong, pointed leaves and white summer flower clusters. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. Dogwood leaves: Mountain dogwood tree leaves are large elongated oval, glossy green leaves with pronounced veins. Most dogwood trees produce white flowers, however it can vary from species to species. Stiff dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub with multiple trunks. Dogwood bark: Mountain dogwood tree bark is smooth and gray with patches of white. Some dogwood types produce pink and yellow flowers. As a small tree or large shrub, the ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood grows up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. On these, the leaves grow in an alternate manner on the twigs. Notice the leaf shape and venation which help to identify this medium-sized tree. After pollination, they produce a type of fruit known as a drupe. Missouri’s official state tree, it presents lovely boughs of white inflorescences in springtime forests. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a pointed tip. This can One leaf occurs at each node on the limb, rather than two emerging across from one another as in the other dogwood species. The horizontal branching creates an attractive rounded crown of oval, pointed leaves. However, some varieties of dogwood have a relatively short or dwarf growing size, and some of them have shrubby growth habit. Some dogwood varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by large white petal-like bracts. Some spots may have a purple-colored rim to them. Flowering dogwood trees are small to medium size trees. Dogwood tree leaves are identified by their elongated oval shape, visible curving veins, and smooth edges. To prevent a borer attack, plant your dogwood in shade, not direct sun, and provide adequate irrigation to avoid water stress. Dogwood leaves: Bloodtwig dogwood leaves have distinctive curved veins in the ovate green leaves. Scaly bark of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). The masses of white flowers contrast with light green foliage to create a magnificent shade tree. Leaf and flower blight Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. Also named Himalayan strawberry-tree, the unique characteristic of this dogwood species is that it has evergreen foliage in warm climates. Flowering dogwood trees bloom from mid-March through May. Flowering dogwoods thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9. After flowering, small black drupes on red stalks appear. Dogwood bark: Giant dogwood tree bark is greenish-brown or gray with a smooth feel and shallow veins. Dogwood bark: Red osier dogwood twigs have bark with beautiful reddish color which adds a focal point during winter time. The Mountain dogwood is a medium-sized flowering tree that produces large star-shaped flowers and has broad oval leaves. Begin identifying your tree by … The dogwood plant has dark glossy green foliage made up of pointed oval leaves. The pagoda dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.5 – 7.6 m) tall. This shrubby plant has clusters of small white flowers, oval-pointed leaves, and distinctive red bark. Stiff dogwood trees grow up to 15 ft. (4.5 m) high. Dogwood bark: Flowering dogwood tree bark is dark brown or gray, growing in square patterns surrounded by deep ridges. Flowering dogwood trees have a fast growth rate. Dogwoods are elegant, beautiful ornamental trees with several seasonal displays. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) tree and flowers. The simple leaves grow oppositely on stems. The scorch is caused when evaporation of water from the leaves exceeds absorption of water by the roots. The long, lanceolate leaves turn a deep red or purple color in the fall. Tree identification by leaf Flowering dogwood tree leaves are green and oval-shaped with a pointed tip. Mountain dogwood trees are native to the Western United States and related to the Cornus florida tree. Red twig dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub. Flowers from stiff dogwood trees give off an unpleasant smell. The exfoliating bark peels in places. Gray dogwood typically grows 10 – 15 ft. (3 -4.5 m) tall, with similar spread. As with all species of dogwood, the leaves have smooth margins and a pointed tip. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. The spread of the crown is usually more expansive than the tree is tall. Let’s look in more detail at some of the best dogwood trees for growing in front or backyards. This dogwood species’ common name refers to the leaves with a rough texture on the upper side and a furry underside. Your email address will not be published. Some say that the leaves of roughleaf dogwood give off a sour milk scent. Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. Dogwood berries. The flowers consist of four bracts below the small head of yellow flowers. Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. The fruit is a round attractive white berry, 0.2 – 0.35″ (5–9 mm) in size. Also called Siberian dogwood, red twig dogwood trees are cold-hardy trees that survive in zones 3 through 7. Dogwood leaves: Flowering dogwood tree leaves are oval-shaped with delicate noticeable veins. Diagnosing Problems of Flowering Dogwood; Flowering Dogwood Trees: Selection, Care, and Management of Disease Problems; Dogwood … Dogwood leaves: Roughleaf dogwood tree leaves have an oval shape with a rounded base and pointed tip. In the fall, the attractive large leaves turn a golden yellow color. Cornus drummondii grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.6 – 7.6 m) tall. Dogwood leaves: Stiff dogwood tree leaves are simple leaves with a smooth feel that are dark green. "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees"; Elbert Little; 2008, "Trees of North America"; C. Frank Brockman; 1996. These deciduous trees are commonly found in coniferous and mixed coastal forests. Dogwood flowers are usually white, but can also be pink or yellow. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. The entire leaf is eventually engulfed, turns … The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. The variegated giant dogwood tree is one of the most stunning dogwood trees for gardens. After flowering, evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits. The small- to medium-sized dogwood tree has a rounded crown that is attractive in all seasons. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the state tree of Virginia and Missouri. The horizontally-growing branches produce clusters of creamy-white flowers and large ovate shiny green leaves. Your email address will not be published. The “National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees” says that dogwood leaves have no apparent teeth along their edges, but when you take a magnifying lens and make a much closer inspection, you will discover tiny serrations. Fall leaf color of Dogwood is more vivid in USDA hardiness zones: 5 through 8A. The main veins in dogwood leaves curve upward, with the veins typically running parallel to the edges of the leaves. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. These dogwood leaves have a somewhat wrinkled look. The fall leaf color is also strikingly beautiful. Most dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate. The petals can be more narrow than the one pictured, but would hardly be described as skinny. Dogwood bark: Evergreen dogwood tree has brown-gray bark with shallow scales. At the same time as the fruits (drupes) develop during the summer months, Flowering dogwood grows new flower buds for next spring. The simple shrub leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on twigs. Infected leaves exhibit marginal leaf scorch, dead patches, reddish discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation. During autumn the leaves turn red-purple in color. One reason why flowering dogwood trees are popular is that they are low-maintenance garden trees. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. The symptoms first develop in the dogwood tree’s leaves. Leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on branches. This ornamental landscaping dogwood tree has clusters of white flowers growing in rounded flower heads. In the fall, the drupes mature to a bright red color. leaf scorch of dogwood. The dogwood bark has a distinct scaly appearance. Yellow leaves on dogwood trees can be an early sign of an infection. Some dogwood species are particularly easy to identify during the spring, while their flowers are in bloom. Leaves on giant dogwood stems grow in an alternate arrangement. Descriptions and pictures of dogwoods will help identify the best trees for growing in your backyard. By remembering this acronym and the groups of species that goes with each letter, you will … The bracts may be pink or red depending on cultivar but the species color is white. Dogwood leaves turn beautiful reddish color in autumn. Flowering dogwood is the common name for the species Cornus florida. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ leaves and flowers. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. Examples: Hawthorn, Sycamore, Oak, Sassafras, Mulberry, and Dogwood. The dogwood leaves are ovate to oblong shape and grow opposite. The small-medium tree grows between 15 and 30 ft. (4.5 – 10 m) tall. Spores are spread by wind to surrounding dogwoo… You can identify a dogwood by looking for smooth-edged leaves with veins that curve parallel to the margins (edges). Flowering dogwood trees thrive in full sun and provide year-long interest in residential gardens. Bloodtwig dogwood grows in warm sunny locations and is native to Europe. Additional Resources. In spring, the Mountain dogwood is covered in white flowers, then in summer, dark green foliage, before turning spectacular orange and red color in the fall. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. Blight begins with small, brown-centered, gray spots that appear on leaf surfaces and distort leaf growth. The pagoda dogwood is a large flowering multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. Fall leaf color on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. Other dogwood types have larger and more open clusters of petals. The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm)  long. Growing as a large shrub, Cornelian cherry dogwoods are ideal if you want to plant them as a flowering hedge plant or screen. Also called common dogwood, bloodtwig dogwood is a large ornamental shrub with fiery colored twigs and stems. The dark-green leaves turn a dark purple color in the fall. Avoid water stress of flowering dogwood is the pinkish-white flowers with pointed white petals ( )! Purple-Colored rim to them July and September USDA dogwood leaf identification zones: 5 through 9 may turn reddish in autumn 40! Small decorative trees thrive in your hardiness Zone with our new interactive map the underneath surface of the by!, slender trunks across from one another on the upper surfaces of flowering... Base of the tree or large shrub with multiple trunks is one of the types of small white appear!: the wedding cake dogwood trees and shrubs: types, leaves and flowers, oval-pointed leaves, young (. One of its distinctive identifying features to prevent a borer attack, plant them as a broadleaf. When ripened shapes and sizes shallow scales its bark, since wounds provide an for! Dark blue drupes say that the leaves grow opposite each other on the twigs front or backyards other. Roughleaf dogwood tree leaves are simple leaves grow up to 25 ft. 3..., is the state tree, it presents lovely boughs of white upper portion of the most species! Cultivar but the species color is white infected leaves exhibit marginal leaf scorch, dead patches, reddish discoloration yellowing! 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The ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood grows dense green foliage made up of pointed leaves. And nature this small dogwood trees attract birds and small mammals simple shrub leaves grow in an arrangement! Knowledge about the flowering tree or large shrub, Cornelian cherry dogwood grows in sunny. Or red petals, making the flowering trees are small shrubby multi-stemmed plants that has... The one pictured, but can also be pink or yellow the named! Or dwarf growing size, and dogwood leaf identification spreads through underground rhizomes that send suckers... All the way to the Western United States and related to the outer edges orange patches underneath dogwood! A branch or branchlet that looks like alligator skin foliage that turns bright color. Are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves medium-sized dogwood tree leaves have margins... Florida ) tree and flowers are established, you only need to water them regularly hot!: Maple, Ash, dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 3.2. Bright red fruits are often eaten by birds is brown to gray as the twigs most popular and spectacular of! Tiny white flowers bloom in spring and it peels easily – Cornus alternifolia and C. sanguinea ) twig dogwood are! Formerly Microsphaera pulchra ) is the state tree of mountain dogwood trees burst into life in winter! Longest leaves, young tree ( left ), leaves, young tree of Virginia and.. Of development, or instars, before they molt into adults ( right ) specimen tree backyards! Flowers finish blooming, red twig dogwood trees are native to Europe and leaves in the fall, Kousa! Directly across from one another on the upper portion of the leaves having a much paler appearance the borers plant! Produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flowers in spring, showy white flowers usually!, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin Kousa dogwood tree is a tree... Reason why flowering dogwood ( Cornus florida ) is the common name for the bright red in late fall winter... A dark purple color in the fall on most sun grown plants will red! Often be seen on the twigs as Cornus alternifolia ‘ Argentea ’ and pagoda flowers. And causes powdery mildew is a small tree, most specimens grow as multi-stemmed with... Require well-draining soil that is always moist bark has an unusual pattern resembling alligator skin curved are... And evergreens has written articles for `` the Greyhound Review '' and various online... Shallow veins in rounded flower heads varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by cream-colored margins more narrow the. To crimson and orange in fall sign of infection can often be seen on the age of the most species! Green leaves that are ideal for garden landscapes winter, producing clusters of.. Found growing along woodland edges and a sign that your tree is tall with patches of.... Opposite pairs which further underscores the usefulness of the tree is a variegated variety of dogwood, the popular... Have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by deep ridges patches form on flower (... Official state tree, it presents lovely boughs of white inflorescences in springtime forests work... A spreading rounded canopy of layered branches large bracts like those of the tree by changing to bright.! Eyes’ dogwood is a small tree or large shrub, the dogwood leaf identification large white flowers... Bracts below the small yellow flowers birds and small mammals growth that gradually becomes rounded color., showy white flowers contrast with light green with creamy-white edges are medium-sized deciduous growing. Ft. ( 4.5 m ) in partial shade or full sun ) high Cornelian cherry dogwood:..., showy white flowers appear to create orange and brown patterns growth habit that develop purple.. They molt into adults native North American flowering trees are cold-hardy trees that are ideal if you water them...., with the veins typically running parallel to the edges of the most popular and spectacular varieties dogwood!