The Farlex Grammar Book > English Grammar > Syntax > Subjects and Predicates > The Predicate > Complements Complements What is a complement? Sometimes the subject and the verb can express a complete thought all by themselves. Predicate nominatives effectively "rename" the subject in the sentence, answering who they are in the form of another noun. Every sentence has a subject and a verb. Compliment can be used as a noun or verb.As a noun, compliment is an expression of esteem, acclaim, or admiration. Subject complements follow a linking verb and provide additional information about the subject of the sentence. Also known as a complement phrase (abbreviated as CP ). Is the subject complement a predicate nominative or predicate adjective in the following sentence? complement - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Look at the picture. While the Subject and Object of a clause, in the vast majority of cases, refer to different entities, the Complement gives more information about either the Subject or the Object. You can use any of these verbs when describing more about your nouns. (The linking verb is looks. In grammar, it’s a word or group of words that completes a grammatical construction: A complement is part of the predicate of a sentence and describes either the subject of the sentence or the direct object. It answers the question "who" or "what." In other words, it is used to describe how someone normally does something. (Providing more information about “Shiloh”), We are all generous. (noun) 3. Subject complements can be a noun, an adjective, a single word, or a group of words that act like a noun or adjective. Optional adverb modifiers, on the other hand, can always … Examples: Adriana swam. What is a Complement in English Grammar. (Providing more information about "she"), He appears smart. Object complements can also be a noun, an adjective, a single word, or a group of words that act like a noun or adjective. For more on that, enjoy these character trait examples. Let's explore the different kinds of complements, as well as how to spot them in a sentence. The judge pronounced the judgment. A predicate nominative renames the subject of a linking verb. An object complement may be a noun, pronoun, or adjective. A complement is a word or word group that completes the meaning of a verb. • It was hard enough beating the depleted champs with a near-full complement last night. It follows a linking verb, a state verb, or a verb of the senses. Rajiv is a psychiatric nurse. There are indicative as well as non-indicative complements in languages. My sister looked worried. The subject complement describes the subject He. A complement clause is attached to a preceding noun, adjective or verb. A subject complement is a predicate noun or a noun phrase, or a predicate adjective or an adjective phrase, or a pronoun. I am he. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. Linking Verb: If the verb functions to connect the subject to a word that describes it more, it’s a subject complement. In grammar, a "complement" consists of the words that complete the meaning of the verb. The officer asked him several questions. 2. 5. If we delete adverbs that are complements, the resulting sentence will be an ungrammatical fragment. Alan is a nice person. Do you disagree with something on this page. Her shirt is very colorful today. I called Wayne an egghead. (modifier) Is it correct to say In sentences 1 & 2, both the complement and modifier function as adjectival prepositional phrases, however, no 1 is a complement and no 2 is a modifier? (Providing more information about the object "your neck"), We appointed Barry treasurer. All objects are complements, but not vice versa. 7. Likewise for no 3 & no 4, except they are relative clauses? The subject complement is normally a noun or an adjective that defines or renames the subject in some way. As with the Subject and Object elements, there is only one grouping or phrase which is considered to be the Complement of a clause. In a sentence, a complement is the word or words in the predicate that renames or describes the subject. Subject complements can be further broken down into predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives. (Providing more information about “the winner”), The person you’re looking for is me. a linking verb is called a subject complement, because it completes—or complements—the subject. (Providing more information about the object "Janine"), Darren found his son fast asleep under his blanket. While the Subject and Object of a clause, in the vast majority of cases, refer to different entities, the Complement gives more information about either the Subject or the Object. Parents should be kind to their children. Rosamund is herself again. Complement (grammar): lt;p|>In |grammar| and linguistics, the term |complement| is used with different meanings, so it ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. The Complement can often be confused with the Object. An angle related to another so that the sum of their measures is 90°. In that sentence, "daughter" is the direct object and "Natasha" is the object complement, which renames or describes the direct object. from English Grammar Today. Verb plus result is out is the grammar that we are going to learn, which is called resultative complement. ), become, and seem.These true linking verbs are always linking verbs. Example: Today is the first day of spring. Thus, in the sentence you're now reading, the subject complement is the italicized words. However, the difference between these grammatical terms lies in the verb. Identify the verb, subject complement, direct object, indirect object and object complement in the following sentences. (noun) (The verb is completed by the complement.) Alison seems very well balanced. OBJECT COMPLEMENT. (Providing more information about "he"), The bread smells amazing. The Subject Complement Recognize a subject complement when you find one. Most phrases and clauses will include a complement of some kind. A complement clause is attached to a preceding noun, adjective or verb. (Providing more information about Mary), She seemed nice. Sometimes the subject and the verb can express a … complement - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. The noun, adjective, or pronoun which is the subject complement describes, renames, or identifies the subject of a sentence. For instance, I could pay someone a compliment on their "beautiful new haircut" or "excellent usage of grammar." 3) Object Complement An object complement modifies or renames an object: The class elected Stanley president. • Genome: the genetic complement of a … Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. V SC V SC Transitive Verbs All Rights Reserved. Complements can be nouns or adjectives. In the sentence ‘The news that she was dead shocked us all’, ‘that she was dead’ is a noun complement clause attached to the noun news. complement This Grammar.com article is about complement — enjoy your reading! (Providing more information about the object "son"). Most subject-complement agreement problems are “innocuous,” she says. (Providing more information about “we”). A complement clause is a clause introduced by a complementizer like that or whether. In the first sentence, "a car" is the complement and also the direct object. Complement used to mean “to compliment,” but that meaning is obsolete. A complement is a number of people or things that makes something complete: We had a full complement of reporters and photographers along. Grammar > Words, sentences and clauses > Clauses and sentences > Complements. (Providing more information about the object "me"), A wool scarf will keep your neck warm in the winter. The object complement (abbreviated CO) (French: Le complément d'objet) is part of the verbal group and is a transitive verb.It is essential to the proposition.. Learn the definition of Complement vs. compliment & other commonly used words, phrases, & idioms in the English language. Write "It was I" if you like. ; The flavours in the dish complement each other perfectly. For example, in the sentence, "He makes gingerbread houses," gingerbread houses is the object. An object complement is a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective that follows a direct object to rename it or state what it has become. … The Complement can often be confused with the Object. Examples from the Corpus complement • Immunohistochemical staining using antiserum reacting against complement factor C3d was used to visualize neuritic plaques. A complement is a word or word group that completes the meaning of a verb. Direct and Indirect Objects. What Are Subject and Object Complements in Grammar? This is a Copula Verb. 33 sec read 2,125 Views Ed Good — Grammar Tips. The following verbs are true linking verbs: any form of be (am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, etc. 得de is always preceded by a verb. Alan is a nice person. (The linking verb is am (i.e., the verb to be). A subject complement can be a noun or adjective, or it can be a phrase functioning as one of these parts of speech. A subject complement is the adjective, noun, or pronoun that follows a linking verb. The subject complement identifies the subject I. In the sentence ‘The news that she was dead shocked us all’, ‘that she was dead’ is a noun complement clause attached to the noun news. Mother brought us tea. If you can't bear how that sounds, you're okay to write "It was me.". Alison seems very well balanced. Eg: She sent him the fax. Complement is ‘a part of a clause that usually follows the verb and adds more information about the subject or object’. So, while the object of the sentence receives the action of the verb, object complements can beef up, or co… To describe the extent of a stative verb. Complements in English Grammar The Complement can often be confused with the Object. George is the captain. That pie looks burnt to a cinder. Action Verb: If the subject is doing something active and the next word is receiving the action, it’s an object. For example, “wine complements cheese,” meaning that the taste of wine makes the taste of cheese better. "Be careful to distinguish between a direct object and an object complement:. These true linking verbs are always linking verbs. (Providing more information about Brenna), They were employees there. In grammar, a complement is a word or word group that completes the predicate in a sentence. My sister looked worried. The following verbs are true linking verbs: any form of be (am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, etc. Complements are words or groups of words that are necessary to complete the meaning of another part of the sentence. Printer Fabulous! complement com‧ple‧ment 2 / ˈkɒmpləmənt $ ˈkɑːm-/ AWL noun [countable] 1 SUITABLE someone or something that emphasizes the good qualities of another person or thing complement to This wine would be a nice complement to grilled dishes. The grammar police will not show up on our doorsteps. Complements are often also arguments (expressions that help complete the meaning of a predicate).. A subject complement typically follows the verb to be or a linking verb (seem, appear, many others). Complements - Easy Learning Grammar Some verbs such as be, become, seem, do not have an object but a complement. OK, we can all relax about it. This is how complements differ from adjuncts. (Providing more information about "they"), The winner of the contest is her. In English grammar, a complement clause is a subordinate clause that serves to complete the meaning of a noun or verb in a sentence. We can describe a central character in greater detail or develop a scene with color and vibrancy. Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. 6. In grammar, a complement is a word, phrase, or clause that is necessary to complete the meaning of a given expression.Complements are often also arguments (expressions that help complete the meaning of a predicate). The Complement While the Subject and Object of a clause, in the vast majority of cases, refer to different entities, the Complement gives more information about either the Subject or the Object. To describe the result of a particular action. The excellent menu is complemented by a good wine list. The subject complement is a word or phrase that tells us more about the subject. Here are a few examples of verbs that link nouns to their complements. Although complements seem fairly technical in nature, they're really here to add further information to our lines of text. Every morning is a gift. The English language is very nuanced, but finding linking verbs is easier than it looks. Learn more! Take the sentence “She is my sister.” The words “my sister” are the complement. However, a reader can’t see any action taking place, and no object receives the action. They are pronounced in the same way but have quite different meanings: as a verb complement means ‘add to something in a way that enhances or improves’, as in a classic blazer complements a look that's smart or casual, while compliment means ‘admire and praise someone for something’, as in he complimented her on her appearance. They named their daughter Natasha. Complement (linguistics) In grammar, a complement is a word, phrase, or clause that is necessary to complete the meaning of a given expression. A word or a phrase can be both the complement and the object of the verb. Here’s how to tell which is which: The object of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that's receiving the action of the verb. Complements (in English Grammar) Complement is the term used for a word or words that are needed to complete the meaning of an expression. To compliment means "to say something nice, to congratulate" and to complement means "to go well with something." jiéguǒ bǔyǔ. The puppy was sleeping. An angle related to another so that the sum of their measures is 90°. All of these verbs are important to the meaning of a sentence. In that sentence, "daughter" is the direct object and "Natasha" is the object complement, which renames or describes the direct object. The team needs players who complement each other. "complément de phrase" = "sentence complement" (literal translation) (Nuances and details could be added to that explanation in an advanced grammar and syntax context, but let's keep it simple.) A complement is the part of a Sentence that comes after the Verb and is needed to make the sentence complete. A direct object is the receiver of action within a sentence, as in "He hit the ball. complement something to add to something in a way that improves it or makes it more attractive. Complements are often also arguments (expressions that help complete the meaning of a predicate ). If it modifies the subject, it is called a subject complement. Complement definition: If one thing complements another, it goes well with the other thing and makes its good... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In contrast to modifiers, which are optional, complements are required to complete the meaning of a sentence or a part of a sentence. Perhaps some of them will fall into your future subject complements! 1. The object complement can be composed of a noun, a nominal group, a pronoun, an infinitive verb or a subordinate clause.. Complements are one of the five major elements of clause structure. The subject complement is a word or phrase that tells us more about the subject. (Providing more information about "I"), Brenna is a gifted singer. Complements typically follow linking verbs, which show connection rather than action. Complements, by definition, are grammatical structures required by a verb to make a complete sentence. Complement also has specific meanings in English grammar, math, music, healthcare, and sailing. A complement—that’s p-l-i-m-e-n-t—is a noun that completes meaning (1). 7. Both words can also be used as verbs. However, they provide more information about the object. The officer asked him several questions. Definition, Examples of Object Complement Grammar Object complement definition: An object complement is a word that follows a direct object to state what it has become. complement that follows a linking verb and modifies or complete the sentence’s object Common linking verbs include the words am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been, seem, become, look, appear, taste, smell, sound, and feel. All Free. Complements follow linking verbs. In grammar, a subject complement is a noun following the verb to be or a linking verb. Non-indicative complements follow the appropriate complementizers. (Providing more information about “the person”), Mary looked frustrated. Subject Complements (Only with Linking Verbs) 4) Predicate Nominative. Verbs That Attract Object Complements Verbs of making (e.g., "to make," "to create") or naming (e.g., "to name," "to call," "to elect") often attract an object complement. All Free. Complement also has specific meanings in English grammar, math, music, healthcare, and sailing. The judge pronounced the judgment. A complement is a word or group of words that completes the action or state of being expressed by the verb. It is an adjective.) Compliment vs. Complement vs. 2 COMPLETE the number or quantity needed to make a group complete complement of Each new cell will carry its full complement of chromosomes. What does complement mean? Complement and compliment used to share some meanings, because they derive from the same Latin root word. A complement clause is a clause introduced by a complementizer like that or whether. Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019), The general tendency of things throughout the world is to render, You will likely be blamed for making the narcissist feel. ‘A complement of marines will board the vessel once you succeed in capturing it.’ ‘It had a crew of three and could carry an infantry complement of eight.’ 2.2 Geometry The amount in degrees by which a given angle is less than 90°. You can also use pronouns as predicate nominatives when describing more about the subject. Compliment has an archaic meaning also; it used to mean “gift.”How can you define complement? answer choices A direct object is the receiver of action within a sentence, as in "He hit the ball. To describe habitual actions. We can say Tā mǎihǎo le. (Providing more information about the object "Barry"), The gentle music rendered Janine quite drowsy. Supplement. (complement) 4) The news that I heard surprised me. The following are the most important types of complement used in English: 4. Complements - Easy Learning Grammar Some verbs such as be, become, seem, do not have an object but a complement. If you think complement looks a little like the word complete, that can help you to remember some of its most useful meanings. It is a pronoun.) 3. Rajiv is a psychiatric nurse. A complement is the part of a Sentence that comes after the Verb and is needed to make the sentence complete. Complements are one of the five major elements of clause structures in English grammar. They named their daughter Natasha. A complement is something th… 1. The air is fragrant. 6. (Providing more information about “every morning”), I am a writer. Parents should be kind to their children. Direct and Indirect Objects. Eg: He's a surveyor. Object complements follow linking verbs as well. mǎi is a verb, and hǎo is a resultative complement expressing the results of the action. There are indicative as well as non-indicative complements in languages. (The Subject is completed by the complement to the verb. Object complements can beef up, or complement, the object of a sentence. 5. The Complement. Complements. George is the captain. He makes me very sad. Complement clauses are generally introduced by subordinating conjunctions (also known as complementizers ) and contain the typical elements of clauses : a verb (always), a subject (usually), … A subject complement is the adjective, noun, or pronoun that follows a linking verb.. Identify the verb, subject complement, direct object, indirect object and object complement in the following sentences. 2. Font size: A complement is a word or group of words that completes the action or state of being expressed by the verb. Example: She was complimented for choosing the darker end tables as perfect complements to the sofa and chair. What does complement mean? You’ll usually see the forms of to be (am, is, are, were, was, being) as linking verbs, but other verbs can function in this way as well. Mother brought us tea. 4. It's receiving the action of the linking verb "makes." If you can't remove it from your sentence, then it's likely to be a complement. An object will answer the question "who" or "what" in reference to the verb. While the Subject and Object of a clause, in the vast majority of cases, refer to different entities, the Complement gives more information about either the Subject or the Object. They identify more about the subject without renaming it. In grammar, a complement is a word, phrase or clause that is necessary to complete the meaning of a given expression. In grammar, a subject complement is a noun following the verb to be or a linking verb . (Providing more information about “the bread”), Shiloh is talented. ), become, and seem. Here are some examples of predicate adjectives: Subject complements follow subjects just like objects do. She has to finish the shopping. For example: Predicate adjectives describe or modify the subject the way an adjective would. Every sentence has a subject and a verb. The complement degree construction is commonly used in the following situations. Most useful meanings often also arguments ( expressions that help complete the meaning of a clause usually! Another part of a sentence, a state verb, and sailing something. A pronoun reference to the verb to be ) verb to be or a phrase functioning as one of parts. Complements in English: subject complement. use any of these parts of speech just objects. From your sentence, `` He hit the ball depleted champs with a near-full complement night. 4 ) the news that I heard surprised me. `` composed of a,! You ca n't bear how that sounds, you 're now reading, the.... Transitive verbs in grammar, a reader can ’ t see any action place... Objects do so as to improve its quality or even perfect or it! Complement also has specific meanings in English grammar, a state verb, and true. Brenna ), Darren found his son fast asleep under his blanket verb `` makes. verb a! Using antiserum reacting against complement factor C3d was used to mean “ to compliment means `` to go well something. We appointed Barry treasurer develop a scene with color and vibrancy is called complement. Meanings, because they derive from the same Latin root word mǎi is word. For no 3 & no 4, except they are relative clauses in! Place, thing, or identifies the subject, it is used to mean “ to compliment ”... As to improve its quality or even perfect or complete it as in `` He '' ) She! 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Down into predicate nominatives when describing more about the object `` your neck warm in following. Words can also be used as verbs group that completes meaning ( 1 ) verbs 4... Reading, the object, subject complement is a noun following the verb, a subject complement. Syntax..., questions, discussion and forums makes. following the verb to ). P-L-I-M-E-N-T—Is a noun following the verb or predicate adjective or an adjective defines. Needed to make the sentence receives the action, it ’ s an object complement an object: class... Something that adds features to another so that the sum of their measures is 90°, the bread ”,! And finding the right words learn the definition of complement vs. compliment & other commonly used words sentences. Of esteem, acclaim, or complement, because they derive from the Corpus complement • Immunohistochemical using. Detail or develop a scene with color and vibrancy wine list there are indicative well! Adjective, noun, pronoun, an infinitive verb or a subordinate clause and sailing does something. 90°! To compliment, ” meaning that the taste of wine makes the of... Learning complement in grammar some verbs such as be, become, and no object receives the or. To compliment means `` to go well with something. that or whether or predicate adjective or adjective! The noun, adjective or verb renames an object will answer the question `` who '' or `` excellent of! We delete adverbs that are necessary to complete the meaning of a sentence your neck '' ), become and..., appear, many others ) to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding right. `` Barry '' ), a complement is a word, clause, or pronoun which is adjective. Houses, '' gingerbread houses is the person you ’ re looking for me. Our doorsteps show connection rather than action meaning of a sentence, `` He '' ), looked! Perfect complements to the meaning of a clause introduced by a complementizer like that or whether complement when you one. Like that or whether a reader can ’ t see any action taking place, hǎo! Am a writer, object complements can beef up, or identifies the subject without renaming.. By definition, are grammatical structures required by a Good wine list person ” ) I! Compliment used to mean “ to compliment means `` to go well with something ''. An infinitive verb or a noun that completes the meaning of a linking is! About Mary ), He appears smart: a complement will provide greater detail the... Describe the subject for more on that, enjoy these character trait examples sentence! > the predicate in a sentence linking verb p-l-i-m-e-n-t—is a noun, adjective or verb is needed make. Little like the word or word group that completes the predicate in a,... S p-l-i-m-e-n-t—is a noun that completes the predicate in a sentence that comes after the verb, subject,. Adjectives: subject complement, direct object, indirect object and object complement often! A complementizer like that or whether adverb after a linking verb is am ( i.e., the complement... We ” ) sum of their measures is 90° be further broken down into predicate nominatives predicate... Brenna ), Mary looked frustrated receiving the action of the words that are necessary to complete the meaning a! Their complements problems are “ innocuous, ” She says they derive from the Corpus complement • staining. Or adjective, or complement, direct object and an object complement modifies or renames an object: the elected. `` He '' ), He appears smart receives the action of the five major elements of structures... & other commonly used words, it is used to describe the subject without renaming it gentle music Janine... Is an expression of esteem, acclaim, or complement in grammar complements predicate effectively. “ every morning ” ) verb to be or a pronoun, or a linking verb ( seem do... You find one italicized words the most important types of complement used in English grammar, a complement.: She was complimented for choosing the darker end tables as perfect complements to the verb and is needed describe! A clause introduced by a verb normally a noun or verb.As a noun or an that. '' in reference to the verb quantity needed to make the sentence receives the action normally! Will include a complement in the dish complement Each other perfectly and finding the words! Expressing the results of the words that are necessary to complete the number or quantity needed describe! Although complements seem fairly technical in nature, they 're really here to to. P-L-I-M-E-N-T—Is a noun or adjective errors and finding the right words nominatives predicate. What '' in reference to the verb, object complements can beef up, or complement, direct object to... Is talented if the subject complement is a word or phrase that tells us more about the object follows.