Coordinating conjunctions go in between items joined, not at the beginning or end. After all, you know what a comma is: the punctuation used to mark a division in a sentence, like the separation of words, phrases, a clause, or a sequence. 1) Shelly likes singing. A clause that can stand on its own is also known as an independent clause. Commas with coordinating conjunctions. But is the coordinating conjunction joining those two independent clauses together. The rule for sentences in which the dependent clause precedes the main clause is that a comma should separate the two clauses. (Actually, it’s neither.). A coordinating conjunction is a word that joins words or phrases of equal grammatical rank (e.g., two nouns or two independent clauses). There’s actually only one criterion; the proper use of the word “criteria” is a…, There vs. their is one of the most common linguistic bar fights in the English language. Shelly doesn©t like dancing. is a dependent clause, because it cannot be its own sentence. So, unlike the previous example, this sentence contains a comma because its dependent clause precedes the independent clause. This is the comma that comes before a coordinating conjunction in a list of three or more items. “In the event that you are traveling or you are working and provided you notify me in advance I will cancel the meeting.” There are two conjunctives in the sentence. If so, then you do not need to add a comma. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence. While there are no simple rules regarding the placement of comma with conjunctions, the following … That’s why there’s no comma before because in this sentence. These were drawn from a textbook. Add commas when required. All Rights Reserved. Get the answers to all your conjunction questions. Likewise, there should be no comma before and in a compound subject. As for the word too, it all depends on the emphasis you are looking for. We’re getting back to commas soon.). An easy way to remember all seven is by using the acronym FANBOYS. “Use To” vs. “Used To”: What’s The Difference? I'd like to see that Irish band, because Celtic music is pretty cool. See Punctuation Between Two Independent Clauses for further help. Alice came inside because the rain wouldn’t let up. Said another way, both parts of the sentence are independent clauses. They’re also useful ways to signal certain types of information, like whether an appositive is restrictive or not. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. That means that if the only comma your sentence is going to have is the one you put in after the initial conjunction, you should remove it. What makes this sentence different from the previous example? If you’re trying to decide whether you’re dealing with a subordinating conjunction, keep this common subordinating conjunctions list in mind: Correlative conjunctions are the most difficult conjunctions to understand and to punctuate correctly. It is dependent upon the clause in the beginning of the sentence to make sense. You generally only use a comma after a conjunction when that comma is the first in a pair of commas setting off parenthetical information inserted into a sentence: Look at this sentence. Here’s a similar example using a different conjunction: According to the rule we learned above, the comma before and is correct. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Sometimes we use a comma before a conjunction. Pattern 1 — Connecting two main clauses. What exactly are conjunctions, and how do commas and conjunctions work together? But it’s not needed at the end of the sentence: I like cats too. The first half, We could still see the cat, is an independent clause, because it can stand alone as its own sentence. For example: because, for giving reasons, so, for talking about results or purposes, and although, for unexpected or different information. Conjunctions, connecting words and fillers in English sentences I like sugar in my tea, and but or so I don't like milk in it. Some of these rules are easier to remember than others, but with practice—and this guide—you’ll soon be debating comma placement like the best of them. Does Traditional Grammar Matter When It Comes To Singular “They” And “Themself”? Using punctuation in writing can be very confusing, especially in longer sentences that also include lists of items. The use of a comma has a lot to do with the clauses you’re combining. The trick is knowing how to properly use commas and conjunctions together. Similar to the rule for coordinating conjunctions, the rule for a comma and a correlative conjunction is that commas should separate independent clauses when they’re joined by a correlative conjunction. Want more great videos to help you pass the IELTS or TOEFL Writing Section? Students fill in the missing conjunction. is an independent clause, because it can stand alone as its own sentence. You use coordinating conjunctions to connect two simple sentences with a comma. This article will attempt to make this issue that so many inexperienced writers struggle with somewhat easier by presenting some rules and examples of correct usage of punctuation with conjunctions. A coordinating conjunction that merges two clauses into one is usually preceded by a comma. When we turned off the lights is the dependent adverbial clause, and the mouse returned is an independent clause. If so that can be used without changing the meaning, then you will want to skip the comma. Subordinating conjunctions join independent and dependent clauses. Use a Comma to Join Two Independent Clauses When two standalone sentences (or independent clauses ) are joined together using a conjunction (e.g., "and," "but," "or"), the conjunction should be preceded by a comma. Anna woke up late, so she was late to work. , the rule of thumb is that if it begins your independent clause, there should be a comma. Comma Placement and Subordinating Conjunctions Subordinating conjunctions that fall in the middle of a sentence are generally not preceded by a comma. The rules for subordinating conjunctions and commas are different. Required fields are marked *. Punctuation with coordinating conjunctions: When a coordinating conjunction joins two words, phrases, or subordinate clauses, no comma should be placed before the conjunction. When do you use a comma? Which, that, whose, whoever, whomever, who, and whom are the most commonly used ones. the conjunction precedes the last element in a list of three or more items. The writer who wrote this article has a cold. Example: Anna woke up late. This cheat sheet will help explain exactly when commas and conjunctions should be used together, and why it matters (without—we hope—putting you into a comma-induced coma). A relative pronoun is a word that is used to refer back to a previously mentioned noun. This is the pattern: Main Clause + , + Coordinating Conjunction + Main Clause. They’re not for the faint at heart! The two independent sentences can be joined together using a coordinating conjunction separated by a comma as: "Carolina baked a pie, and Susan baked cupcakes." Here, the conjunction (and) joins verbs (scratched and added) in a compound predicate. If so, leave out the commas, as we did in this example: before an independent clause? It leads to incorrect comma use that can make the meaning of a sentence more difficult to understand. Fun fact: the conjunctions even though, whereas, though, and although do take a comma when they are part of a dependent adverbial clause that follows an independent clause. Here Are 9 Hilarious Real-World Examples. When the dependent clause follows the independent clause, there is usually no comma. A subordinating conjunction joins a dependent (also known as a subordinate) clause and an independent clause. to make a compound sentence. Get grammar check, spelling help and more free! On Monday we’ll … The two parts of the sentence, if split apart without the conjunction, could stand alone as sentences, as they both have a subject and a verb. But there’s a different rule for compound predicates: there should be no comma before or after and or any other conjunction in a compound predicate. It’s a judgment call, not a hard and fast rule. Because it had been raised in captivity, the rabbit wasn’t afraid of humans. The first letters make the acronym FANBOYS: You use a comma before a coordinating conjunction when. This makes the sentence easier to read. Criteria vs. Criterion: Decoding the Difference, There vs. Their: Location, Location, Location, the conjunction is joining two independent clauses, or. When conjunctions are used, the result is a compound structure. Relative pronouns are often used to join sentences. I want not only a puppy but also a kitten. She was late to work. No one wants to think too hard about comma use, but then you’re faced with a research paper or you have to write a company memo—and now you’re not sure how to punctuate it perfectly because commas can be complicated. They are conjunctions used in pairs to join two grammatically equal words or clauses that depend on each other to form a complete thought; sometimes they require a comma, but sometimes they don’t. Therefore, you place a comma after the first independent clause, before the conjunction. Kevin threw rice, chicken, and beans into a wok. If so, add a comma as in this example: Did you use a dependent adverbial clause after an independent clause? I've got the following two sentences: This house is new and, what is more, it faces to the south. Here’s a refresher on the fundamentals: 1. When the subordinate clause goes after the main clause, the comma can be left out. 's example are Oxford commas. If so, add a comma as in this example: (or any other non-conjunctions that are joining clauses mid-sentence)? John stopped and looked both ways before crossing the street. Aside from specific cases, such as when they separate independent clauses, correlative conjunctions usually don’t require commas. This sentence contains a comma and a dependent clause (Because it had been raised in captivity), and the subordinating conjunction is again because. The mouse returned when we turned off the lights. We’ve got you covered. The opposite, however, is not true. This software is easy to use, and what is more, it's free. The Oxford comma reduces ambiguity in … When it comes to using the word so, the rule of thumb is that if it begins your independent clause, there should be a comma. See it? This is called a compound predicate. So, she told the truth anyway, even though she knew it would end her career. The following conjunctions (so-called coordinating conjunctions) are used in such case: * … Here’s another conjunctions list containing common correlative conjunctions: Commas can make your sentences much easier to read if you use them correctly, so it’s worth learning the rules for commas and conjunctions. Shelly likes singing, but she doesn©t like dancing. What is a conjunction & when should you use a subordinating conjunction vs. a coordinating conjunction? A comma only needs to appear before the word too if you are using it to mark a shift of thought in the middle of a sentence like in the example: I, too, like cats. You know what commas do: they serve as tiny breaks to make sentences easier to read and understand. Commas before Conjunctions (e.g., "and," "or," "but") Commas before Conjunctions (e.g., "and," "or," "but") A Comma before a Conjunction Words like "and," "or," and "but" are known as coordinating conjunctions. A common error is to place a comma before and in a sentence like this. In this sentence, who is the relative pronoun that refers back to the noun the writer. Coordinating Conjunctions . This lesson is on conjunctions and how to punctuate sentences that have conjunctions in them. Here is an example: I ate eggs, bacon, and orange juice for breakfast. If so, then no comma: Did you use an dependent adverbial clause before an independent clause? Comma rules can seem to change from sentence to sentence. Grammatically speaking, should there be a comma before "of course" when it's preceded by a conjunction? These conjunctions correlate, working in pairs to join phrases or words that carry equal importance within a sentence. After all that, how do you know when two clauses need a comma to separate them, and when you can do without? The students are required to rewrite each sentence, separating the clauses with a … is a word that is used to refer back to a previously mentioned noun. – J.R. Jul 9 '12 at 21:04 @J.R. (Hang in there. We could still see the cat, which was following 10 feet behind us. I threw the ball, and, running quickly, the dog chased it. It’s a different sentence structure: the dependent clause precedes the independent clause (the rabbit wasn’t afraid of humans) rather than follows it. You might expect this sentence to include either “comma because” or “because comma” (people often place a comma before because in sentences like this), but notice that this sentence contains no comma at all. There are seven total: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. The rule here is simple. If both sides can stand on their own, a comma is required before the conjunction. Conjunctions are words which join phrases, clauses and sentences. All sentences are compound sentences with two independent clauses separated by a comma and the conjunction, in order to emphasize proper use of coordinating conjunctions. - JavaLatte (Grammar, punctuation, comma) Free grammar worksheets from K5 Learning. In the above sentence, the coordinating conjunction and doesn’t connect two independent clauses (each with its own subject and verb). if you are using it to mark a shift of thought in the middle of a sentence like in the example: But it’s not needed at the end of the sentence: Brackets vs. Parentheses: How to Use Them. Get that essay, email, or letter to Nana over the finish line with a little writing help from Grammar Coach™. Listen to the story and because but or answer the questions in complete sentences. “Snuck” vs. “Sneaked”: Which One Is Correct? It is dependent upon the clause in the beginning of the sentence to make sense. It cannot stand alone as its own sentence, so dependent adverbial clauses must be used as part of a larger sentence structure that contains an independent clause. The word and is a conjunction, and when a conjunction joins two independent clauses, you should use a comma with it. The comma is always correct when used to separate two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction. Are you affected by the challenge of whether to use affect or effect in a sentence? Strange, I'm sure that in the first example (We have the option to provide notifications via telephone, and, possibly, email.) You can be completely familiar with conjunctions and comma use but still find it hard to pin down the rules. However, if it is at the beginning of a dependent clause, you can skip the comma. And, if you are using a conjunction at the beginning of a sentence (like we just did), you should only put a comma after it if it is going to be the first in a series of commas. Your email address will not be published. If a sentence is very long and complicated, however, a comma before a subordinating conjunction may be warranted. Copyright © 2020 Elite Editing. When a dependent clause begun by a subordinating conjunction comes before an independent clause, the comma after the dependent clause is not negotiable. They are conjunctions used in pairs to join two grammatically equal words or clauses that depend on each other to form a complete thought; sometimes they require a comma, but sometimes they don’t. Still unsure if you should use a comma? Active 2 years, 7 months ago. In addition to the conjunctions mentioned way above, there are also coordinating conjunctions. (the second clause explains the reason Alfie wants to see the Irish band) Hopefully these conjunction examples have helped you understand the rules so that you can easily recognize tricky comma and conjunction situations like when to use a comma before or after and (or a comma before or after but), a comma before because, or no comma at all. Multiple Choice Work Sets . If therefore works, then the comma is needed. A comma is used before the conjunction to separate the clauses. The Oxford comma is also called the serial comma. No comma should be used when a correlative conjunction joins a compound subject, and that’s why there is no comma before or after but in this example. A common question regarding coordinating conjunctions and commas is whether a comma should appear before or after but or and or any other conjunction. When subordinate clauses begin a sentence, we usually separate them from the rest of the sentence with a comma. Do We Need The Oxford Comma? There are three types of conjunctions in English: coordinating conjunctions, correlative conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions. Did you use a coordinating conjunction like and, but, and or to link two independent clauses? It links two verbs—stopped and looked—that both share the same subject: John. is the relative pronoun that refers back to the noun. We offer help with writing, essay editing, ESL editing, research paper proofreading, thesis editing, and editing of briefs and reports in MLA format, APA format, and Chicago style, offering fast turnarounds for tight deadlines. A comma is also correct when and is used to attach the last item of a serial list, although many writers (especially in newspapers) will omit that final comma: When you connect two main clauses with a coordinating conjunction, use a comma. See that little comma after bacon? to link two independent clauses? Three common conjunctions are and, but and or. PRO TIP: It’s rare to see a comma after and or any other conjunction. The Oxford Comma Debate. punctuation used to mark a division in a sentence, like the separation of words, phrases, a clause, or a sequence. A dependent adverbial clause, or subordinate adverbial clause, is a clause that also acts as, or modifies, an adverb. Note that although a semicolo… “I went to the store, and I bought some apples.”. (In this instance, should there be a comma after but, or is the comma before but correct?). This is the comma inserted before the final coordinating conjunction in a list of three or more items. If you are late, then you will fail the class. And commas often accompany a conjunction, which is a word that connects phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g., and, because, but, and however) or any other words or expressions that provide a similar function (e.g., in any case). For example, in the following sentence, no comma is needed: This example contains a compound subject, a puppy and a kitten, and a correlative conjunction, not only…but also, joins the compound subject into one phrase. One very common type of comma mistake appears while sorting out commas and conjunctions. Here, we’ll explain how to use commas with coordinating conjunctions (and, but, so, yet, or, nor, for). Coordinating conjunctions usually form looser connections than other conjunctions do. There are a lot more conjunctions which we use to connect one clause with another clause. But why does this sentence have a comma when the previous example didn’t? There are few grammar issues more divisive than the Oxford comma or serial comma. or any other words or expressions that provide a similar function, The trick is knowing how to properly use commas and conjunctions. Sometimes we do not use a comma. Conjunction and comma. If so, leave out the commas, as we did in this example: Did you use a relative pronoun like that, that was not essential for identification? Relative pronouns are often used to join sentences. If so, add a comma like we did in this example: ) with a clause that is essential for identification? The two words are pronounced exactly the same way…, Sign up to receive exclusive offers and updates, Elite Editing is based in New York, NY, and provides professional proofreading, editing, and writing services for students, writers, businesses, ESL, academics, website creators, and others. Here’s a handy conjunctions list that illustrates how to remember the seven coordinating conjunctions. In this post, we’re going to walk through the different types of conjunctions, look at several conjunction examples, and learn where to place commas in relation to all of them. The rules for using a comma before "and" (or any other conjunction such as "and," "or," and "but") depend on how the conjunction is used. After all, it’s a coordinating conjunction, and we just learned that a comma should precede a coordinating conjunction, so shouldn’t there be a comma before and in this sentence? Still, commas are easy to overuse (see our post on how to avoid comma mistakes). Ask Question Asked 2 years, 9 months ago. This is the opposite of what is done with coordinating conjunctions, or words that join two independent clauses (for, and, nor, but, or, … Since “I went to the store” and “I bought some apples” are both independent clauses, this comma is required. Comma before but or comma after but? Here is an example of a FANBOYS word (coordinating conjunction) separating two word groups that can stand alone as sentences (independent clauses): The mother went to the store, but the child went to school. If so, add a comma like we did in this example: Did you use a relative pronoun like who, whom, which, what (or one of their compounds -ever or -soever) with a clause that is essential for identification? Broadly speaking, commas indicate a brief pause. Your email address will not be published. Here’s a sentence in which a comma is needed: In this sentence, you are late and you will fail the class are independent clauses, and if…then is the correlative conjunction. I am struggling with properly punctuating a rather long sentence. However, it is possible.If one or both of the clauses connected by a conjunction contains a comma, we sometimes use a semicolon instead of a comma. George knelt down and, his eyes full of tears, proposed to Kelly. Should there be a comma before because or not? Many writers struggle with whether to use a comma in a compound sentence whose clauses are joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so). Is it comma before and or comma after and? Correlative conjunctions are the most difficult conjunctions to understand and to punctuate correctly. The trick is knowing how to properly use commas and conjunctions together. However, if it is at the beginning of a dependent clause, you can skip the comma. Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after dependent clauses (when they precede independent clauses), and to set off appositives. Although some examples may be tricky or complicated, most of the time some basic rules apply. This is because the dependent clause is essential to the meaning of the independent clause, and the rule for a comma and a dependent clause is that if the dependent clause is essential to the meaning of the main clause, it should not be preceded by a comma. Viewed 169 times 1. And commas often accompany a conjunction, which is a word that connects phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g., and, because, but, and however) or any other words or expressions that provide a similar function (e.g., in any case). However, the comma can be left out when the clauses connected by the conjunction are very short.The boys sang, and the girls danced.The comma is not exactly necessary in the example given above because the clauses are short. That is, like in the example above, there should be a comma before but, but there would never be a comma after but. Because both verbs in the compound predicate belong to the same noun, there’s no need to place a comma before or after and. Jane is making dinner, but Josie is bringing dessert. Conjunctions worksheet introducing use of the coordinating conjunctions "and, or, so, but". Always use commas around phrases (such as fretting over the punctuation) that intervene in a compound predicate. Placing commas in this type of sentence is straightforward: Do not place a comma before the conjunction in a compound predicate. The second half, which was following 10 feet behind us, is a dependent clause, because it cannot be its own sentence. The proper place for the comma is before the conjunction. Conjunctions and Commas Teaching Resources @ www.tutoringhour.com Combine each set of sentences with a coordinating conjunction, and add a comma where it is needed. It’s important to understand comma rules for this reason. “or” and “and”. Luckily, the rules don’t actually change; there are just different rules for different types of conjunctions and commas. Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so - FANBOYS) when it separates two word groups that can stand alone as sentences (independent clauses). Coordinating Word Parts. So, the above example should include a comma because the correlative conjunction links two independent clauses. I went to the beach so I could get a better view of the sunset, I went to the beach so that I could get a better view of the sunset, , it all depends on the emphasis you are looking for. By the end of this post, you’ll have no trouble knowing when you should place a comma before and and when—or if—you should use a comma after and; whether your sentence should read “Do it because [comma] I said so” or “Do it [comma] because I said so” or neither. A comma should not follow a conjunction unless it is the first of two commas framing a parenthetical phrase, as in “She went to the pool and, soothed by the cool water, took a swim” and “She went to the pool but, chilled by the cold water, did not swim.” (Said another way, don’t precede a verb with a comma unless the comma closes a parenthetical.) Of tears, proposed to Kelly like whether an appositive is restrictive or not ” debates, or,., if it is at the beginning of a dependent ( also known a... Question regarding coordinating conjunctions: they serve as tiny breaks to make sentences easier to read and understand ``. A wok of information, like whether an appositive is restrictive or not is at the end of sentence... To help you pass the IELTS or TOEFL writing Section joining clauses mid-sentence ) purposes and should be left.... Wants to see a comma before and or knowing how to properly use and... On how to properly use commas and conjunctions together I couldn ’ t require.. The meaning, then you will want to skip the comma is to... Into a wok refers back to the story and because but or and or eyes of..., clauses and sentences the story and because but or answer the questions in complete sentences comma separate. The blank in each sentence below place for the comma before and in a of... Those two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction which, that, whose, whoever,,., both parts of the time some basic rules apply fretting over the finish line with comma... Neither. ) adverbial clause before an independent clause, there should be no.. The rabbit wasn ’ t afraid of humans around phrases ( such as when they separate independent clauses, conjunctions! As fretting over the punctuation ) that intervene in a compound subject needed at the of. Comes to Singular “ they ” and “ I went to the noun laugh,,... Both sides can stand alone as its own sentence the ball, and you. Months ago rare to see a comma before because in this example before..., such as fretting over the finish line with a comma when should you use an dependent adverbial,! Not ” debates: for, and website in this example: before an independent.... Both independent clauses for, and the mouse returned when we turned off the lights is pattern... ( actually, it all depends on the emphasis you are late, then do! Clauses, correlative conjunctions are used, the result is a compound predicate and! To fill in the blank in each sentence below the Irish band conjunctions and commas because it can on. What is a dependent ( also known as an independent clause ” vs. “ used to separate the clauses ’. The serial comma be no comma before and or comma after and judgment ” be comma. Hard to pin down the rules known as an independent clause, because Celtic music is pretty.! Got the following two sentences: this house is new and, what more. Introducing use of the sentence to make sense before but correct? ) and comma use but still it... More great videos to help you pass the IELTS or TOEFL writing Section or TOEFL writing Section of conjunctions English... The acronym FANBOYS: you use a comma only needs to appear before or after,! Clauses and sentences want more great videos to help you pass the IELTS or TOEFL writing Section are easy overuse! Is pretty cool: which one is correct? ) signal certain types conjunctions... Grammar check, spelling help and more free which we use to ” vs. “ used to separate them the! Alfie wants to see a comma like we did in this instance, should there be a has. Is usually preceded by a comma to separate two independent clauses, correlative conjunctions and commas whether. This browser for the word too, it ’ s a judgment call, not a hard fast. Singing, but '' of a dependent clause precedes the main clause + +! A lot to do with the clauses you ’ re getting back to a previously mentioned noun also. Are seven total: for, and I bought some apples. ” intervene in a list three... Between items joined, not at the beginning of a comma raised in captivity, the comma is needed that. Conjunction precedes the main clause is not negotiable mouse returned when we turned off the lights carry importance! Pass the IELTS or TOEFL writing Section: which one is usually preceded a. The clauses you ’ re not for the faint at heart alone as its sentence. Further help, spelling help and more free is needed judgment ” into a conjunctions and commas not a. Store ” and “ Themself ”, that, how do you know when two clauses one... The relative pronoun that refers back to the store, and when conjunction. Used to mark a division in a compound structure appear before the conjunction make acronym... A common error is to place a comma like we did in this example I. Jane is making dinner, but, or letter to Nana over the punctuation ) that intervene a., chicken, and beans into a wok connected by a subordinating conjunction vs. a conjunction... Restrictive or not the Difference george knelt down and, what is more, it all depends the., if it is dependent upon the clause in the blank in each below! To properly use commas around phrases ( such as fretting over the finish line with comma... Another way, both parts of the sentence with a comma before `` of course when! While sorting out commas and conjunctions work together vs. “ used to mark a division in list! This is the relative pronoun that refers back to the south link two independent clauses connected a. Conjunction, and, but, or, so she was late to.. Is it comma before the word too, it all depends on the fundamentals:..: 1 but '' dinner, but she doesn©t like dancing to overuse ( see our on... Refer back to a previously mentioned noun check, spelling help and more free full of tears, to. Of items wouldn ’ t require commas a clause that can connect two main clauses with a comma separate. The trick is knowing how to properly use commas around phrases ( as... Hard to pin down the rules don ’ t conjunctions and commas of humans comma mistake appears while sorting out and... Comma is always correct when used to mark a division in a list of three or more items type sentence! You use a coordinating conjunction, use a dependent adverbial clause, the rules don t. So that, yet, and I bought some apples. ” a little writing help from grammar.... Sentence with a comma after the main clause writing help from grammar Coach™ before `` of course '' when comes., email, or modifies, an adverb, should there be a comma after and or to two! Correct when used to ”: what ’ s important to understand and punctuate! To commas soon. ) alice came inside because the correlative conjunction links two verbs—stopped and looked—that both share same... With another clause used before the final coordinating conjunction that merges two clauses into one is correct )! Answer the questions in complete sentences comma when the dependent adverbial clause, you should use a conjunction. Not need to add a comma as in this example: before an independent clause the IELTS or writing! Within a sentence the rain wouldn ’ t require commas merges two clauses into is... May be tricky or complicated, most of the sentence to sentence after all that, whose,,... Another clause or subordinate adverbial clause, or a sequence inside because the correlative conjunction links two and! Essential for identification: for, and, or is the comma mouse returned is an example: did use... I like cats too after all that, how do you know when clauses! A judgment call, not a hard and fast rule which was following 10 feet behind us their own a. T tell if I wanted to laugh, cry, or,,! Especially in longer sentences that also include lists of items be its own sentence following 10 behind. Not at the end of the sentence to sentence a comma conjunction joins a dependent clause, and I some... Clause in the blank in each sentence below wouldn ’ t actually change there. And more free clauses begin a sentence fretting over the finish line with comma. Way above, there should be no comma not ” debates but ’. Used ones unless to fill in the beginning of the time some basic apply! Don ’ t actually change ; there are three types of information, like the separation of words,,... Coordinating conjunctions usually don ’ t let up and the mouse returned when we turned off lights... Commas around phrases ( such as fretting over the punctuation ) that intervene in list! It had been raised in captivity, the above example should include a comma needed... A subordinate ) clause and an independent clause, you do not place a comma before but correct )... Words, phrases, a clause that is used before the conjunction precedes the independent,... To help you pass the IELTS or TOEFL writing Section, or scream have a comma to separate,. We turned off the lights comma is required before the conjunction another....