Symmetrical Diminished Scale. Ab. This is because the pattern to build the dominant diminished scale is a complete sequence of half and whole steps. Feed me some notes (eg. Whole-Half Diminished Scale Diminished Scale Diminished Whole-Half Write a comment. There are two types of diminished scales: Whole Half Diminished: 1 2 b3 4 b5 #5 6 7; Half Whole Diminished: 1 b9 #9 3 #11 5 13 b7; These can be used as a tension device in improvisation and are a totally different sound than the more common major and minor scales. A useful relationship to understand is that when playing over minor 251s, you can use the HW dim scale built from the 5 chord and play that over both the 2 and 5 chords. The half tone, whole tone formula is consistent throughout the scale, for which reason it is sometimes called the Half-tone/Whole-tone Scale. For example, is Fm7, Bflat(With flat 9 or #9), or flat 5 and #5, then E minor a II V I in playing half whole scale? A: A, B, C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A Home > Symmetric Scales > Whole-Half Diminished Scale all-piano-scales.com en Français. As the name implies, the scale is constructed of alternating whole and half steps and sounds very sophisticated and colorful. It is used over V7 and diminished chords respectively. Minor 3rd. See … The Dominant Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Diminished Blues and it shares many notes with the Pentatonic Blues scales. G Whole Tone Scale Fingerings. Piano Fingering How do you play the C diminished scale on the piano? The Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Whole-half Diminished Scale since it is constructed by every second whole and half steps (notice also that it is a symmetrical scale). I am now studying to play Emily as posted but don’t know how to do. The Solution below shows the B half-diminished 7th chord in root position, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inversions, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. D half-diminished 7th chord. Some also refer to this as the double diminished scale because it can be conceptualized as alternating between two diminished arpeggios (C, Eb, F#, A and C#, E, G, Bb). The Diminished Scale is a symmetrical scale which has two modes - the Half-Whole and Whole-Half. Diminished chords also have a symmetrical interval structure so Cdim7, Ebdim7, Gbdim7 and Adim7 all contain the same notes but are simply different inversions. Like its brother, the fully diminished scale, the dominant diminished scale … Major 6th. Dim7 chords are not as commonly used as minor, dominant or major chords, but when they do pop up, they have a … But this post was intended to be about fingering. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. Diminished scales are divided into two categories: half-whole diminished scales, and whole-half diminished scales. If you use the Locrian, which one do you favor? Download theory supplements, midi files, chord changes and full note-for-note transcriptions of every lesson. When you hear a certain scale, you probably associate it with something. Diminished scales are divided into two categories: half-whole diminished scales, and whole-half diminished scales. Whole-Half Diminished Scale. Half Diminished Scale in All Keys - The Key to Playin' In Key. The octatonic whole-half scale is also known as the auxiliary diminished scale and is one of the scales that produces the diminished chord. Mathematically, there must be a finite number of scales, but scales seem pretty infinite to me. This means that we can create some very interesting, repeating patterns. Over the years I have tinkered around with Mark Levine's theory books (the best!) Thanks, Ed. Intervals What intervals are in the C diminished scale. I suggest to use it just on the dominant 7th and diminished 7th chord in a jazz context. So on a C diminished chord, play a C whole-half scale aka a D half-whole scale. Whole tone, h: half tone) Scale structure: 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 6 7: Chords that fit in this scale: ... on Guitar and Piano. The so-called "half-whole" diminished is not a "real" scale – it's just a way to quickly teach and visualize the specific diminished scale that gets applied to a dominant 7 b9 natural 13 chord. Watch The Full 19 Minute Tutorial Sign In or Join Now, UK & Europe: +44 808 196 2012 The diminished scale has a few different names, including the octatonic scale and the half-whole scale, but they’re all the same scale. Ask questions and get instant replies from our team of teachers. Scale Theory I: the half diminished scales. The half/whole diminished scale. Another thing that sprung to mind when I transcribed the line was that over A7, he is simply playing the notes of D Dorian, which anticipates the resolution to D-. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). This is because the pattern to build the dominant diminished scale is a complete sequence of half and whole steps. You can for any major scale using this formula. However, the biggest ‘takeaway’ I took from transcribing the line, was how he resolves into the 1 Chord… the double grace note into the 9th of D-7 which sounds beautiful. C diminished scale. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. Scale typ: Whole/Half Diminished; Formula in degree of C Whole/Half Diminished scale: 1-2-b3-4-b5-b6-6-7; Interval Formula: W h W h W h W h ; Example C Whole/Half Diminished scale: C D D# F F# G# A B The Dominant Diminished Scale consists of eight notes, and therefore belongs to the category of octatonic scales. The dominant diminished scale is also known as the half whole dominant scale. The scales and patterns shown in this lesson are based on the half-whole versions of the diminished scales. 2M - 2m - 2M - 2m - 2M - 1A - 2M - 2m. The major scale formula is W-W-H-W-W-W-H. Another important point which may help you out here…. Here i… Rank Root Scale Notes Intervals More Info; 1 : A : Half Diminished Scale : A,B,C,D,Eb,F,G : 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7 If you start with a half-step, the pattern is hwhwhwhw.This scale is great over a dominant chord, particularly a 13(b9) chord. The whole-half diminished scale is commonly used in conjunction with diminished harmony (e.g., the E dim7 chord) while the half-whole scale is used in dominant harmony (e.g., with an F ♭9 chord). Sometimes I feel confuse about II V I concept. Each tone has two different diminished scale: The whole-tone scale has no leading tone and because all tones are the same distance apart, "no single tone stands out, [and] the scale creates a blurred, indistinct effect". Minor 6th. So how about that long time one might be in G7 in the tune Caravan that resolves on a C minor and not a C major. The half whole diminished scale is useful for improvising over altered dominant chords as it contains the alterations and extensions b9, 9, #9, #11 & 13. D Half-Whole Diminished Scale. D: D, E, F, G, Ab, Bb, B, C#, D George Russell refers to this scale as the “auxiliary diminished blues” scale for its bluesy quality and it’s used with dominant chords, but many people just call it the “half-whole diminished scale.” E: E, F#, G, A, Bb, C, C#, D#, E Write a comment. Hi Hayden. We introduce the -11b5 chord and its inversions. What notes are in the C diminished scale. B: B, C#, D, E, F, G, Ab, Bb, B, Intervals: 1, 2, b3, 4, b5, b6, 6, 7 Detailed information for the scale C diminished (halftone - wholetone). F#/Gb: F#, G#, A, B, C, D, D#, F, F# Perfect 4th. C#/Db: C#, D#, E, F#, G, A, Bb, C, C# I just threw together some random notes to see what kind of stuff it would make. Half-Whole Diminished Scale (Starts at 4:12) Next up, we've got the half-whole diminished scale (or H/W diminished for short)! The altered scale is made by the sequence: Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Whole. Unlike most scales which generally contain seven notes, the half/whole diminished scale is an eight note scale. We’re going to take on a bit of a digression now - quite a long digression - well it’s not really a digression, but we’re certainly going to look at some theory before we move on to our next piece of practice. It must not be confused with the Diminished Whole Tone Scale, see the Dominant Diminished Scale. Embarrassing ! Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. While, the Whole-Half Diminished Scale is used over a diminished chord. So on a C7b9 play the C half-whole scale. The scale alternates half and whole steps until the scale starts again. B Half/Whole Diminished for piano. We assign numeric value (an interval) to each note, the scales will use the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. If you're looking for some real life examples of the whole tone scale in use, I recommend checking out this video of Thelonious Monk, who often uses it in stride piano-style descending runs. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). ... Again, try sustaining the chord on the piano while you play the exercise through all twelve keys and eventually you will not need the piano backing you up. If you made any changes to your settings. Start by playing the Locrian mode up from root. How can I judge which part of a score can use half whole scale? But… if you analyse the scale degree of the notes played over A7, we have the 11, 5, b13, b7, root, 5, 11 & #9 (in relation to A7). This is why we refer to it as a symmetrical scale, because the repeating interval pattern takes you back to the note that you started on. But I also wouldn't call this The Diminished Scale - the opposite whole-half diminished scale would be a better use of that title IMO, as that's the variety which will work over a fully diminished 7 chord (as in Co7). A whole step from D to E, up one string down 3 half steps, A whole step from G to A, up one string down 3 half steps, A whole step from C to D, up one string down 2 half steps, A whole step from E to F#, up one string down 3 half steps. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). G#/Ab: G#, A#, B, Db, D, E, F, G, G# The Solution below shows the D half-diminished 7th chord in root position, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inversions, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. Hi, Hayden. The diminished scale pattern is a whole – half step repeating pattern. Diminished scales are symmetrical. It’s an eight note or octatonic scale that alternates between half-steps and whole-steps. Chord Search and Index 8. C. For diminished chords, build the scale from the root ex. B. Intervals: 1P. The Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Whole-half Diminished Scale since it is constructed by every second whole and half steps (notice also that it is a symmetrical scale). On the last ii-v-i progression you played the half whole diminished scale of the ii chord over the entire progression and not just over ii chord. The bottom line, is that, almost always, the Half-Whole scale is the easier one to think about, so when I talk about a Diminished Scale, this is the one I'm referring to. G# Half/Whole Diminished for guitar. The abbreviation "alt" (for "altered") used in chord symbols enhances readability by reducing the number of characters otherwise needed to define the chord and avoids the … A Search Engine for Musical Scales. If you're looking for some real life examples of the whole tone scale in use, I recommend checking out this video of Thelonious Monk, who often uses it in stride piano-style descending runs. The key is to always have a point of resolution in mind. The symmetrical diminished scale, also known as the half-whole or whole-half scale, is easy to learn. Firstly try to memorise the 3 groups of diminished scales. These scales are developed mathematically using whole and half steps. Half-whole diminished is the name I use for this one. Whole tone, h: half tone) Scale structure: 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 6 7: Chords that fit in this scale: ... on Guitar and Piano. G: G, A, Bb, C, C#, D#, E, F#, G Diminished Scale – It is made only by a sequence of half step (semitone) and whole step (tone).I suggest to use it just on the dominant 7 th and diminished 7 th chord in a jazz context .Diminished scale is used above all in Jazz music . It also means that there are only 3 different diminished scales. Like its brother, the fully diminished scale, the dominant diminished scale … In jazz music however the term Octatonic scale is related to the diminished scale (since the scale is built out of two interlocking diminished seven chords which I'll show you later). Major 7th. Is there a lesson in detail on the Locrian. Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an aug 5thand is much easier to work with. The H/W Diminished Scale and/or associated chord can be substituted in place of a V7 chord. The scales and patterns shown in this lesson are based on the half-whole versions of the diminished scales. Half steps and whole steps are the distance from one key to another. Diminished Scales overview T he diminished scale is a symmetrical scale that is built by alternating whole steps and half steps. The half-whole diminished scale is sometimes referred to as the “auxiliary diminished scale” (again, note the inherent contradiction because some people use the same term for the opposite scale!) A. Detailed information for the scale C diminished (wholetone - halftone). B. Aliases: C whole-half diminished. Before print or download please save it first. Learn about the Whole Half Diminished Scale on Guitar FREE eGuide! The dominant diminished scale is also known as the half whole dominant scale. The most interesting uses of the Half-Diminished chord as an upper-structure are found over Dominant chords: For C7(9) play Em7(b5) (Half-Diminished upper-structure from the 3rd of the dominant) For C+7(b9) play Bbm7(b5) (Half-Diminished upper-structure from the 7th of the dominant) Diminished scales – It is made only by a sequence of half step (semitone) and whole step (tone). Leave us your email below and we will send you a full sample lesson and a PDF download. Old Comments for Diminished Scale : Using Whole-Half and Half-Whole Scales. C diminished ScaleBelow you can find guitar and piano scale diagrams, notes, intervals, formulas, and chords. The half diminished scale is a seven-note musical scale.It is more commonly known as the Locrian ♮ 2 scale, a name that avoids confusion with the diminished scale and the half-diminished seventh chord (minor seventh, diminished fifth). the “auxiliary diminished dominant” or even the “auxiliary diminished blues” (not to be confused with the Mixo-Dorian blues scale for soloing over the blues). The line you are referring to, I transcribed that line from a Kenny Barron recording. This is unique to each person. As an example, try running up or down the chromatic scale over the V chord in a 251, and then resolve into a primary chord tone of the 1 chord. Basic Scale For Half Diminished Chords. US & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove. Diminished Scale – It is made only by a sequence of half step (semitone) and whole step (tone).I suggest to use it just on the dominant 7 th and diminished 7 th chord in a jazz context .Diminished scale is used above all in Jazz music . From a PRACTICAL learning and improvising standpoint - i was wondering if any working musicians could provide some advice around diminished half whole vs whole half chords in PRACTICE. Diminished Scales have 8 different notes ( all of the modes have 7 ) and the fingerings for these scales are a bit strange. Notes, Intervals and relations to other scales in the database. However, instead of starting the scale with a half step half-whole) start with a whole step (whole-half). Practice playing up and down the scale tones sequentially. The half diminished scale is a seven-note musical scale.It is more commonly known as the Locrian ♮ 2 scale, a name that avoids confusion with the diminished scale and the half-diminished seventh chord (minor seventh, diminished fifth). Home > Symmetric Scales > Whole-Half Diminished Scale. I can’t think of a simple theoretical relationship as to why the notes of E HW Dim work over A7. The diminished scale is a type of 8-note symmetrical scale. Step-by-step lessons to master jazz theory, Learn the blues, jazz blues, funk, & gospel, Seminars, workshops, and live Q&A sessions, Syllabuses to guide your learning journey, learn to play your favourite tunes & songs. All Rights Reserved. Can you explain the theory behind that? The whole-half diminished scale is useful to make melodies over a diminished chord, not a dominant chord. Dominant chords are transitional chords, they are tense and dissonant sounding and so you will find that you have a lot of freedom in terms of the notes you choose to play. Ultimate Chord Finder for Guitar and Piano 7. F. Gb. This means that the scales are constructed using a repeated pattern of half and whole steps. Join PianoGroove Pro to access all downloads and learning resources. The so-called "half-whole" diminished is not a "real" scale – it's just a way to quickly teach and visualize the specific diminished scale that gets applied to a dominant 7 b9 natural 13 chord. The half tone, whole tone formula is consistent throughout the scale, for which reason it is sometimes called the Half-tone/Whole-tone Scale. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. The diminished scale is an 8 note scale. It is the sixth mode of the ascending form of the melodic minor scale (or jazz scale). F: F, G, Ab, Bb, B, C#, D, E, F Notes, Intervals and relations to other scales in the database. The recurring pattern is: whole step, half step, whole step, half step … . Theory For Intermediate/Advanced The Diminished Scales The Diminished Scales. The half-whole diminished scale is an 8 note symmetrical scale. This is difficult to remember. Even more so if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones. If you made any changes to your settings. This stands for whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step. The other 21 diminished scales have the same notes of these, but of course, they begin from different tones. Examine the scale and the intervals within it below: Basically there are two scales that are used for improvising over and harmonizing altered dominant chords. It must not be confused with the Diminished Whole Tone Scale, see the Dominant Diminished Scale. The following 3 groups share the same half-whole diminished scale: If you look closely you will see that the notes in each group make up 4 different diminished chords. Home > Symmetric Scales > Half-Whole Diminished Scale > D HW dim scale all-piano-scales.com en Français. Copyright © 2012-2020 pianoscales.org. Formula: Whole, Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Half, contact | about | sitemap | policy If you made any changes to your settings. The term “half-whole scale” refers to the fact that the scale is built by alternating half-steps and whole-steps. However, it is difficult to remember the appropriate applications for the scale. Notes: C. D. Eb. Thanks. E Whole/Half Diminished for piano. i am a 31 year old novice jazz piano enthusiast. The Octatonic scale is ascending in a sequence of a whole step and a half step alternatively. That is as far as I’m going to discuss diminished chords or the whole-half diminished scale in this article because the focus of this article is on dominant chords and scales rather than diminished. Formula What is the formula for the C diminished scale. The alterations b13, #9 are also present to add colour. Audible Example What does a C diminished scale sound like? B half-diminished 7th chord. We’ll discuss each briefly. Before print or download please save it first. Half-Whole Diminished Scale (Starts at 4:12) Next up, we've got the half-whole diminished scale (or H/W diminished for short)! Train your ear to hear the notes in the context of the Locrian scale. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. https://www.pianogroove.com/jazz-piano-lessons/half-whole-diminished-scale It is the sixth mode of the ascending form of the melodic minor scale (or jazz scale). hello! In a strict definition of a diminished scale, it always starts with a whole step when ascending the scale. Before print or download please save it first. https://www.pianogroove.com/resources/half-whole-diminished-scales-pdf Detailed information for the scale C diminished (wholetone - halftone). Root Note. This allows you to play the same melody, up or down the piano in 4 different places. There are scales that I’ll never play and scales that I’ll probably never even hear. In the context of the half-whole diminished scale, you only need to learn one scale for each of these 3 groups (each scale starts on a different note but contains the exact same notes and intervals). A half step is the distance from one key to the key that is closest to it. This is then something that I could apply to any 251. It is also a so-called symmetrical scale since the intervals are consistent. In a strict definition of a diminished scale, it always starts with a whole step when ascending the scale. As diminished is a symmetrical scale always having either half or whole step, whatever melody or voicing you play can be also played minor 3rd away. You can see a whole step from A to B, moving up one string and down 3 half steps (3 frets). The diminished scale works well with diminished chords and dominant 7 th ♭9 chords. The Diminished Scales 06:56. 3 of the primary chord tones are present (root, 5th and b7) which gives it a strong harmonic foundation. Major 2nd. C: C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A, B, C It could remind you of something you’ve heard bef… Diminished-whole tone, altered scale. In this lesson we are going to look at some alternative ways to voice minor 251s with our left hand. G Whole Tone Scale Fingerings. Hope this makes sense… have a play around with the things mentioned above and let me know how you get on , In this lesson on the whole half scale you played this scale over the minor flat 5 chords rather than the Locrian one or two. Remember that the half whole diminished scale is suited to play over altered dominant chords, and can also be used over the II-7b5 chord in a minor 251. A#/Bb: A#, C, Db, Eb, E, Gb, G, A, A# Due to the repeating interval pattern of half and whole steps, there are only 3 different half-whole diminished scales to learn for all 12 keys. Semi-notes: 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). Minor harmony is much more complex than major harmony and so the minor 251 progression takes much more time and patience to master. This form of the diminished scale is generally referred to as the half-whole diminished scale. Diminished-whole tone scale ( also called super locrian or altered scale). The full diminished scale will use 9 notes. It turns out its the whole/half diminished scale. Your Total Points Balance: Click Below To Select Your Course Level ... Powered by Piano Lesson With Warren. This scale is used to solo over diminished seventh chords. This means that the scales are constructed using a repeated pattern of half and whole steps. But that's not all, this is the ideal scale for diminished chords too (which sound similar to Dom7b9 chords). Do you feel that this is preferable or just an option? The Diminished Scales ) , () ) Course Points. Home > Symmetric Scales > Half-Whole Diminished Scale > D HW dim scale. Meet one of the most misunderstood chords: the half diminished, also notated as m7b5 (minor seventh flat five). Next try to create patterns using different combinations of intervals. We are using the half-whole diminished scale, also known as the dominant diminished scale. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. “A” diminished scale type “B” diminished scale type “C” diminished scale type. In a previous lesson, we covered the formation of four diminished chords using the octatonic scale . This scale specifically corresponds with a 7 (b9) or 13 (b9) dominant chord. As a jazz pianist, you need to have a solid understanding of intervals so that you can build extended chords quickly and improvise freely on the piano. Whole tone, h: half tone) Scale structure: 1 b2 b3 b4 b5 5 6 b7: Chords that fit in this scale: ... wholetone) on Guitar and Piano. Any other situation is on the face likes II V I but not II V I so that half whole scale cannot be used? Each scale connotes something different. C - D - Eb - F - Gb - Ab - A - B. Jun 04, 2013 add on question.. to a Cm like in Caravan by: Anonymous . 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Eb - F - Gb - Ab - a - B by half-steps... 21 diminished scales are constructed using a repeated pattern of half and whole when. ” diminished scale on Guitar FREE eGuide play and scales that produces diminished! 31 year old novice jazz piano enthusiast and an aug 5thand is much time... Formula is consistent throughout the scale, see the dominant diminished scale is constructed of alternating whole and half.... Dominant 7th and diminished chords respectively diminished chord patience to master harmony is much more complex than harmony... An 8 note symmetrical scale which has two modes - the key is to have. What notes are in the database diminished whole-half Write a comment Comments for chords. Up and down 3 half steps ( 3 frets ) ll never play and scales produces. Learn about the whole half diminished scale is ascending in a strict definition of a simple theoretical relationship to... Theory books ( the best! 5thand is much more time and patience to master begin! 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