It has a finer leaf than Zoysia japonica, but it’s also less cold-tolerant and grows slower. Meyer zoysia grass – Dark green color with a fine leaf texture. Sod may be laid as late as early September. It has a relatively fine leaf which is soft to touch, excellent wear tolerance and thrives in extreme heat and humidity. Characteristics. USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. Palisades zoysia grass – Dark green-colored leaf with a medium-coarse texture. Native: Introduced: Both: Absent/Unreported: Native, No County Data: ... Zoysia japonica Steud. [3] Today, Z. japonica has become one of the most widely used species of turfgrass in the United States, serving as a close alternative to bermudagrass. It grows to around 0.5 mm in width, and is hairy near the base and exhibits short inflorescences. Wetland Status. [3] Experts suggest that it is mown to a height of 0.5-2.5 inches every 5–10 days. Blades may technically grow to 9" long, but are typically mowed to 1-2" tall.Genus name honors Karl von Zoys (1756-1800), Austrian botanist.Specific epithet means of Japan. Known in past years by names such as Manilla Grass and Temple Grass, and other names – which all seem to sound like ornamental names, rather than … Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area.Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. Its high tolerance to drought, freezing temperatures, salt, and shade make for a favorable lawn grass. [11], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zoysia_japonica&oldid=987085725, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 20:43. It forms a dense turf and is extremely slow to spread. Washington, DC. It is tolerant of high traffic conditions, drought resistant and thrives in the most northernmost areas of all … Zoysia Lawns Read More » Zoysia Japonica - Japanese Lawn Grass Japonica is a medium textured , slow growing grass that spreads aggressively with rhizomes and stolons. [2], Zoysia japonica makes up a large part of sika deer diets. This plant has no children Legal Status. Will not grow in heavy shade. Meyer zoysia grass is classified as a premium lawn grass and is commonly grown on both commercial and residential lawns. Brown patch and dollar spot are infrequent disease problems. Turfgrass for lawns, golf courses, sports fields, commercial landscapes, roadsides and in areas where high foot traffic occurs. Zoysia Emerald Most Zoysia grass types are well-adapted to tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate climates in Australia. The following are just a few available varieties and their primary characteristics: 1. Geo Zoysia was bred from a cross between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. Zoysia japonica is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Zoysia japonica Steud (Japanese grass) presents a great potential for Mediterrenean and transition zones with its superior turf characteristics, shade tolerance, low maintanence requirement. Image – Wikimedia / bastus917. Zoysia japonica is the only zoysiagrass species that can be established from seed. The grass thrives in extremely hot and humid climates. It received its first import from the Chinese region of Manchuria. [5] Z. japonica is nearly resistant to disease, yet is subject to insect attack from white grubs. [7], Although Z. japonica is one of the only Zoysia species that can be seeded, it has a lengthy germination rate of at least a month, so vegetative planting is the primary form of cultivation. Zoysia grass establishes more slowly than some lawn grasses, but it forms a very dense carpet of grass beneath your feet. The leaves of this grass are coarse in texture and are a light green in color. Zoysia matrella is often called Manilagrass (it was introduced to the U.S. from Manila). Treatment should be planned for early spring or late fall. Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area. [8], Zoysia japonica needs a humid climate to survive. Zoysia Japonica is the only one of the three that can be established from seeds, but otherwise Zoysia Grass can be established from sprigs, plugs, or sod. Zoysia japonica (commonly known as Korean lawngrass,[1] zoysiagrass or Japanese lawngrass) is a species of creeping, mat-forming, short perennial grass that grows by both rhizomes and stolons. Zenith, introduced to the trade in 1990, is one such Zoysia selection. Japonica zoysia grass – Vertical leaf blade with a coarse structure. Since Zoysia grass has been propagated for the past 100 years, several strains or varieties have evolved(1). They are coarse, and have the ability to spread fast. Zoysia japonica is more cold tolerant than the other species, but is also the most coarse textured of the three species. They are excellent cover for flat sandy open areas and are widely used as lawn grasses.. Zoysia species are low sod-forming grasses and spread … EMPIRE™ is good in the shade and keeps a good winter colour and […] [2][3] It is native to the coastal grasslands of southeast Asia and Indonesia. [2] In the United States, it is cultivated south of Connecticut, along the Atlantic Coast, and along the Gulf Coast to Texas. Fertilize moderately during the growing season (May to July). Zoysia japonica. Family Name: Poaceae (Gramineae) Synonyms: Acroceras japonica: Common Name: Japanese Lawn Grass, Korean Lawn Grass, Korean Grass, Zoysia: Explore more topics. Key Characteristics. Origin and characteristics. An adventitious root systemgrounds the grass. Emerald Zoysia is a hybrid between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. Characteristics of Zoysia Grass It may be an unusual lawn name, and in fact the name has been changed many times over the years. Zoysia japonica, more commonly known as Japanese or Korean lawn grass, was introduced to the United States in 1895—a bit earlier than Manila grass. Performs best in full sun but will tolerate moderate shade. Zoysia ‘Emerald’ is one of the most popular lawn grasses, as it can survive in harsh weather conditions. The search for a Zoysia japonica selection with good sod and seed production was nearing its goal. Most common varieties include: Empire Compadre Zenith Zoyboy Palisades. It also has a long history of use as a grazed pasture grass in Japan for horses and, more Japonica’s have been introduced and used as a popular choice for home lawns and public areas around the world. Learn about all the different key characteristics and traits about zoysiagrass. Meyer zoysiagrass is an improved strain of Zoysia japonica. Z. japonica has a very coarse texture, compared to others of its genus. [3], 'El Toro' and 'Belair' are the newest cultivars of Z. japonica from the USDA. Emerald is a cross between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia matrella, it has a thin bladed leaf, and one of the slowest growth rates of the Zoysia family. El toro zoysia grass – Medium-bladed leaf texture. These grasses are typically used for lawns or general turf areas. Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. Geo TM Zoysia is a fine-bladed type of zoysia grass with a deep green color that brings high curb appeal to the homeowner. Zoysia japonica has smooth, stiff, vertical leaf blades that roll in the bud. [2] When exposed to prolonged drought, it easily adapts by developing deeper rooting systems. It is characterized by having lanceolate, green leaves. It’s wear-tolerant, as well. Empire Zoysia Zoysia japonica ‘SS500’ EMPIRE™ Turf grows Australia Wide and provides a lawn grass which is easy to look after. [10] It was originally cultivated such climates in China, Japan, and Korea. Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area.Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. When compared to other Zoysia grass types, Z. japonica is faster growing and more cold tolerant. It is often used on golf course fairways, teeing grounds, and roughs. This has been widely observed on the island of Kinkasan in northeastern Japan. Disadvantages include straw-colored appearance from mid-fall to mid-spring (goes dormant in cold weather), slow rate of spread, tendency to spread into adjacent property and inclination to produce heavy thatch. USDA Plant Characteristics. It has a light green color and coarse leaves. It was selected from a population of plants grown from seed by the U.S.D.A. Noteworthy Characteristics. [3] Its high tolerance to drought, freezing temperatures, salt, and shade make for a favorable lawn grass. The flowers are grouped in brown inflorescences, and sprout in spring. Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. [10], Some accounts have it being used for horse pastures in Japan, and for Christian burial tombs in Korea. Zoysia japonica: This particular species was introduced into the United States in the late 1800’s and is commonly called Japanese or Korean lawngrass. Called Manilagrass ( it was selected from a population of plants grown from seed by U.S.D.A... 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