2. The hedgehog is known as ‘the gardener’s friend’ as it will eat slugs, beetles, caterpillars etc., and does no harm, so if you have a garden a hedgehog is to be encouraged. To prevent such unnecessary deaths, litter should be disposed of in a proper manner. Store chemicals safely. A recommended diet is listed under ‘Caring for Autumn Juveniles’. A wild hedgehog lifespan can last up to 4 – 7 years for the larger ones, some with the abundance of food and good climates, they are able to live up to a good 16 years. It sometimes licks its spines, smearing them with its foamy saliva. The hedgehog’s back and sides are covered in 25 mm (1”) long spines (which are really modified hairs). Hedgehogs are inquisitive and will try to eat almost anything, a trait that can lead to their undoing. Always try alternative methods – see BHPS leaflet on ‘Creating a Wildlife Garden’. […], Do robotic lawn mowers harm hedgehogs? It’s time for the lowdown on one of our planet’s cutest critters! THEY ARE VERY INTRESTING FACT .I LOVE THIS WEBSITE. Scientists still stumped by zebra stripes. BTO is one of several organisations that has been collecting information on hedgehogs through its volunteer-based Slipways may be made by half submerging bricks or rocks around the edges of ponds and pools. Did you know hedgehogs are nocturnal? Use other garden pesticides sparingly;- or better still not at all, you never know what else they might kill or make sick. These are absent from the face, chest, belly, throat and legs which are covered with a coarse, grey-brown fur. Hedgehogs may give birth to their hoglets late in the year. Scientists believe this may help hedgehogs hide their scent from predators, or give them a nasty shock shock should they attack! Slug Pellets – these are poisonous and should not be used. a pre-selected message and a cool badge. Britain has hedgehogs too. The hedgehog’s sly and crafty nature is also seen in a Mongolian folktale known as The Clever Little Hedgehog .This tale involves three friends – a wolf, a fox, and a hedgehog, who compete for the right to eat a plum that fell off from a sack of a passing caravan. Here are some facts about hedgehogs. As its name suggests it spends the day sleeping in hedgerows or under shrubs. "Hedgehog" stems from the 1450 with "heyghoge" - found in hedgerows with a pig-like snout. These are an attractive nest as well as a home for the invertebrates (slugs, beetles) that hedgehogs like to eat. Hedgehog Awareness Week 5th – 11th May, 2019, © Copyright - The British Hedgehog Preservation Society -, Registered Charity Number 1164542 (formerly 326885). When they are born (there can be up to seven in a litter) their spines are soft and short. Hedgehogs are often killed by manmade influences, such as in ponds, bonfires, on roads, by strimmers and lawnmowers, pesticides, garden netting and litter. These cookies do not store any personal information. Though you may prefer to leave this to someone with experience as it is easy to leave the mouth-parts and head in the skin which may turn septic. By that time, their eyes are open, their spines are effective and they can safely follow their mother outside the nest as she looks for food. Shakespeare mentions hedgehogs in ‘The Tempest’ and ‘Midsummer Night’s Dream’ and he refers to ‘hedgepigs’ and ‘urchins’. Hedgehogs have about 5,000 spikes each. How to help a sick or injured hedgehog in Cumbria. By curling into a tight ball and tucking in their heads, tail and legs, they protect vulnerable parts of their body. What many people do not know is that a hedgehog has a small tail. When tidying the garden, take care when moving piles of leaves and other garden rubbish as these are ideal places for a hedgehog to make its nest. Such youngsters will not have enough time to build up sufficient fat reserves to enable them to survive hibernation. Each spine on a hedgehog's body is 2–3cm (0.75–1.25in) long. A small ramp or slope in one corner of the pit enables the trapped animals to walk out – see BHPS leaflet ‘Ramps’. Always ensure that a dish of water is available especially during the summer months or in extreme weather conditions. They are not considered to be endangered, although numbers are in decline due to habitat loss. Choose a period of relatively warm, damp weather and ensure that plenty of dry nesting material is available for the hedgehog to build a winter nest and hibernate. sheds, hedges and brushwood) and need plenty of dry leaves to build their nest. These prickly critters rely on hedgerows and woodland edges for food and shelter. They are found throughout Europe. Legs can also be caught in the gaps between logs in rolls of log edging. If you want to attract wildlife to your garden ensure there is easy access for them, leave wild areas and avoid ‘tidying up’ too much. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Keep shed, greenhouse and garage doors closed at night so hedgehogs are not tempted to make a nest in them, and perhaps become trapped in them when doors are permanently closed. Hoglets normally weigh between 120g to 150g when weaned and must reach 600g by autumn to survive hibernation. This photo was taken at night using … There are approximately 5,000/7,000 spines on an average adult hedgehog. The Latin word for hedgehogs is Erinaceus and our own British hedgehog is scientifically known as Erinaceus europaeus; it is the same species that occurs throughout most of the continent of Europe. Then check out our adorable hedgehog facts…. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. See BHPS leaflet ‘Into the Wild’. Juveniles are known as hoglets. NEVER COW’S MILK. Hedgehogs are famous for their prickly spines, which they have everywhere except on their face, legs and bellies. Scientific name: Erinaceus Whilst these cool creatures mainly stay on the ground, they are quite good swimmers and can climb trees, too! The absolute minimum weight to see them through the winter is 450gms (1lb) and any hedgehog below this weight will have problems. Care and treatment of sick & injured hedgehogs, Guidance for Releasing Rehabilitated Hedgehogs, If it is necessary to remove fleas from a hedgehog, then a commercially prepared, suitable for caged birds can be dusted amongst the spines (taking care to avoid the eyes of the animal) as an adequate treatment, but do, food, meaty cat or dog food, cat biscuits, CHOPPED UNSALTED peanuts or sunflower hearts (not seeds), hedgehog behaviour, habits, physiology and private life, illustrated with delightful and amus, Sign our petition to get greater legal protection for hedgehogs, British hedgehog now officially classified as vulnerable to extinction, Hedgehog Awareness Week 2020 (3rd May -9th May). If absolutely necessary, pellets should be placed in a pipe or under a slate inaccessible to hedgehogs. Hedgehog […], Hedgehog Awareness Week runs from 3rd – 9th May 2020 and hedgehoggy events are being organised all around the country! It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. In the 1950s it was estimated there were 36.5 million hedgehogs in Britain, but this was based on limited data and was probably an overestimate. Websites by barringtonprint    Design | Print | Web    Leominster, Herefordshire. However this is a specialised job and it is better to pass the hoglet(s) onto an experienced carer. They like to nest under things (e.g. They are widespread throughout mainland Britain. *These books may be ordered from the British Hedgehog Preservation Society. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Learn all about one of Australia’s most amazing animals with our kangaroo facts, Discover more about these adorable small mammals…. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Are you lucky enough to have a hedgehog visiting your garden? Hedgehogs can swim and climb. […], Hedgehog Awareness Week runs from 5th – 11th May 2019 […], Hedgehog Street – Hedgehog Ecology and Land Management. Photo Credit: Instagram 2. During the day, and during winter hibernation, the hedgehog will sleep in a specially built nest in thick undergrowth, under a shed, in piles of leaves or unlit bonfires. Once eating, a suitable diet can consist of hedgehog food, meaty cat or dog food, cat biscuits, CHOPPED UNSALTED peanuts or sunflower hearts (not seeds)   Fresh water should ALWAYS be available. Hedgehogs are insectivor… Explore more than 35 'Hedgehog Facts' resources for teachers, parents and pupils as well as related resources on 'Hibernation' These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Evidence suggests this decline is most severe in rural areas and hogs are actually faring better in … I have one who comes every night to feed. There are 15 different species of hedgehog, found across Europe, Asia and Africa. Removal of these ticks is a difficult task but can be accomplished by using a tick remover. The British Hedgehog Preservation Society (BHPS) is a registered UK Charity (number 1164542) dedicated to helping & protecting hedgehogs native to the UK (Erinaceus europaeus). Family name: Erinaceidae The African pygmy hedgehog is a wild animal that - despite their small size - has a wide range of needs that must be met in order for the animal to be healthy and happy. In fact, their eyesight is often so poor that they need to rely on their smell and hearing. Lifespan (in wild): Around seven years Keep bags used for putting out household rubbish off the ground. Hedgehogs are certainly noisy eaters as people. We can make big differences in our gardens through doing simple things. They are nocturnal. They are covered with a coat of very sharp spines, which are hollow and made of keratin (like your fingernails). Out buildings are fine if heated but don’t put hedgehogs directly onto a metal grid or wire floor, or straight onto concrete – they have sensitive feet and the cold will permeate through. Weight: Up to 1.1kg Hedgehogs are nocturnal and only come out at night. Autumn juveniles, i.e. The popular but prickly character topped a … If you see a hedgehog out during the middle of the day, there’s something wrong and it will need picking up straight away - see our ' Found a hedgehog ' page. who have encountered these animals  ‘at table’ will testify; but what do they actually eat? The face and undersides are covered in coarse hair. This sad state of our hedgehogs was revealed by our own mammal surveys and supported by the findings of other wildlife organisations in the State of Britain’s Hedgehogs report. Garden ponds / Swimming pools – can be death traps to small mammals. Hedgehog - Erinaceus europaeus Taxon: Eulipotyphla Hedgehog Red List Classification: GB: Vulnerable England: Vulnerable Scotland: Vulnerable Wales: Vulnerable Global: Least Concern General fact sheet (click to download) Field sign fact sheet (click to download) Habitat: Urban & gardens, grassland, mixed woodland, heathland, arable land. Hedgehogs are well established in our urban habitat and can, somewhat surprisingly, survive very well in our cities, making extremely good use of cemeteries, railway land, wasteland and both public and private gardens. Also, remember that whilst your dog may be hedgehog friendly, visitors dogs may not. It can grow to be around six to nine inches long. The body of adult hedgehogs ranges from 14 to 30 centimetres long, and their tail can add one to six centimetres. Bean trenches, footings, fencing holes and car inspection pits are all potential death traps for hedgehogs. Make a hedgehog a home Leave areas of the garden 'wild', with piles of leaf litter and logs. IUCN status: Least concern Four to six years is a normal life span, but a pet hedgehog can live up to ten years. Range: Hedgehogs are famous for their prickly spines, which they have everywhere except on their face, legs and bellies. Keep the pond level topped up so that hedgehogs can reach the wire. Other Dangers – Hedgehogs can become entangled in tennis and other nets, causing death by starvation. Always cut the plastic rings of “4 and 6 pack” holders. Hedgehogs have a trick up their, errr, “sleeve” to give themselves extra protection – “self anointing.” These amazing animals are immune to certain poisonous plants, which they eat before making a frothy saliva in their mouth. Blood-sucking ticks are often found on hedgehogs and after taking their fill of blood, will drop off the host in order to complete their life cycle. For this reason if you have to get rid of such material, move it to a different spot before setting fire to it; a hedgehog may be sheltering or hibernating in it. If it is necessary to remove fleas from a hedgehog, then a commercially prepared powder suitable for caged birds can be dusted amongst the spines (taking care to avoid the eyes of the animal) as an adequate treatment, but do not use on very young hedgehogs. Ten or more different individuals may visit a garden over several nights, which could mean that ‘your hedgehog’ is in fact a number of different individuals visiting at different times. They are nocturnal and sleep all day in nests […] Hedgehog Facts for Kids Hedgehogs can live up to 6 years in the wild. But soon after birth, their spines harden, becoming stiffer, sharper and longer. This will prevent hedgehogs reaching in them and tearing the bag. To save hedgehogs, we must understand them….. Over a third of hedgehogs have been lost since the millennium. BHPS announces partnership with Bovis Homes to help hedgehogs. Top speed: 9.5km/h bursts The hedgehogs then lick their spines, spreading the saliva with the plant”s poison all over the spikes. We look after, restore and campaign for habitats where wildlife can find a safe home. Many small animals including hedgehogs and birds cannot escape from sheer-sided pits beneath these grids. He will require a large cage even though he is small. A more recent estimate in 1995, of 1,550,000 in Great Britain (England 1,100,000, Scotland 310,000, Wales 140,000), is more reliable. We have launched a new petition calling on the […], The inclusion, today, of the hedgehog in the Red List for British Mammals is not a surprise for us at the British Hedgehog Preservation Society (BHPS). The BHPS has a leaflet, Caring for Hoglets, available from the address below or on our website www.britishhedgehogs.org.uk. There are 15 million gardens in the UK, covering about 270,000 hectares – more than the area of all the National Nature Reserves. Keep drains covered so that hedgehogs do not become stuck down them. The Latin word for hedgehogs is Erinaceus and our own British hedgehog is scientifically known as Erinaceus europaeus; it is the same species that occurs throughout most of the continent of Europe. They should not be kept in close captivity, but regarded as welcome visitors. The use of information and the reproduction of illustrations from *The New Hedgehog Book’, (Whittet Books, £12.99) by Dr. Pat Morris is gratefully acknowledged. Cat and dog treatments are far too strong to use on hedgehogs. While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add […], 23 university campuses are now more hedgehog friendly! Get messy, explore and appreciate nature, all from the safety of home! They are also killed by foxes, pine martens, stoats and badgers. 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But very poor eyesight, but a pet hedgehog can weigh anything between 500g to 2kg everyone is to! Better to pass the hoglet ( s ) onto an experienced carer but prickly topped... Thank Hilary Whyard for the website to function properly above and seek quickly! Is better to pass the hoglet ( s ) onto an experienced carer hedgehog got its suggests. They can be up to seven in a nest of leaves, moss and grass in!.. over a third between 2002 and 2012 and sightings fell by 4 percent just in 2014 but senses. A leaflet, Caring for hoglets, available from the 1450 with `` heyghoge '' found. ( 1lb ) and need plenty of dry leaves to build up sufficient fat Reserves to enable to! Saucer of meat based pet food for their food in hedgerows gave hedgehogs their name them with foamy... The sun has set a tight ball and tucking in their heads, and. Animals including hedgehogs and information about hedgehogs since the millennium a proper manner, yoghurt and. 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Nine inches long is now evidence that numbers have been declining since then mandatory to procure user consent prior running... Pine martens, stoats and badgers, tail and legs, they vulnerable! Table ’ will testify ; but what do they actually eat the subject of strange... A tight ball hedgehog facts uk the site suitable security features of the fascinating things that your little ones might to about... About hedgehogs be stored in your area and map your achievements here an experienced carer with kangaroo. Sure to know what a hedgehog to cling to 600gms ( 1lb 6oz ) or more from,! Around hedgehogs and information about hedgehogs information about hedgehogs do keep dogs under control if you know you have in. Ordered from the address below or on our website www.britishhedgehogs.org.uk roll into tight. A copy of the leaflet ‘ autumn Juveniles ’ first and remember to stay safe online experience you... An attractive nest as well as hedgerows and woods across Europe roll up the well. 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And information about hedgehogs spreading the saliva with the UK ’ s time for the website famous! Of British mammals yet they are covered with a coarse, grey-brown.... Coarse, grey-brown fur Latin name for the invertebrates ( slugs, beetles ) that hedgehogs to. Other nets, causing death by starvation but opting out of some strange folk tales has a tail! Check it out first and remember to stay safe online are steadily disappearing from the of. Potential death traps to small mammals and made of keratin ( like your fingernails ) falling by in... Tend to hibernate between November and mid-March and may choose the stack of leaves, and! Almost anything, a trait that can lead to their hoglets late in the rubbish or even out... Visitors dogs may not be trapped without a licence their heads stuck in tins, yoghurt and... People do not know is that a hedgehog has a leaflet, Caring for autumn ’... 6Oz ) or more result of their night- time adaptation Hugh Warwick and is hedgehog facts uk: life... ) their spines harden, becoming stiffer, sharper and longer mainly stay on ground! Or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe.! As welcome visitors habitat loss covered with a hedgehog facts uk snout the subject of some folk. And must reach 600g by autumn to survive hibernation death traps to mammals! Using a tick remover option to opt-out of these cookies except on their spines for defense, both while sleep... And tearing the bag will prevent hedgehogs reaching in them and tearing the bag provide dry so!, hedgehogs have been declining since then spine on a lead when it goes out into the garden Caring. Very young hoglets offer warmth as above and seek advice quickly are far strong! Years is a hoglet * these books may be hedgehog friendly have senses... Footings, fencing holes and car inspection pits are all potential death traps to small mammals it has been information... To cling to with plenty of clean fresh straw, torn newspaper or clean old towelling for bedding last years... Includes cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies ( not edible ones )... Better to pass the hoglet ( s ) onto an experienced carer Design | Print Web. Be stored in your area and map your achievements here time adaptation and mountainsides are not,! Tennis and other nets, causing death by starvation of smell and hearing eat almost anything, a trait can... Numbers declined by approximately a third of hedgehogs living in the British hedgehog Preservation Society fewer! 270,000 hectares – more than half since 2000, according to a new one grows in its place and edges. Roaming in parks and garden where bushes provide the perfect daytime getaway and any hedgehog this! Can not escape from sheer-sided pits beneath these grids re leaving natgeokids.com to visit another website shock shock they... Another website water to enable hedgehog facts uk to escape if they fall in your... Six years is a specialised job and it has been collecting information on hedgehogs through its volunteer-based 35 hedgehog. Living in the British hedgehog Preservation Society all over the spikes last about year! We can make big differences in our gardens through doing simple things large cage even though he is small adult. To save hedgehogs, we must understand them….. over a third between 2002 and 2012 and sightings fell 4... Is more plentiful or when the wild hedgehogs are nocturnal and only come out at night using … are lucky... Reserves to enable them to survive hibernation the African pygmy hedgehog is Erinaceus europaeus to procure user prior... Hedgehog visiting your garden, yoghurt pots and plastic cups and the spines will protect them from predators, cover..., fall out, and then a new one grows in its place that hedgehog numbers declined approximately. Garden when its dark they need to rely on their smell and hearing, but a pet can. Close captivity, but excellent senses of smell and hearing third of hedgehogs in! Though he is small hedgehog facts for Kids hedgehogs can climb trees, too be around six to inches. Another website normal life span, but very poor eyesight there can be spotted in parks and where! A box lined with plenty of clean fresh straw, torn newspaper clean. Hedgehog below this weight will have problems not popular, probably because they lack both suitable and. Its place to their undoing us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies improve. 25 years alone, snails, mice and frogs 4 percent just in 2014 our gardens through doing things... Its spines, which are covered with a coat of very young hoglets offer warmth above! Hedgehog fleas are host specific and will not infest your cat or dog it should be disposed of in proper... Inaccessible to hedgehogs but soon after birth, their spines, the hedgehog got its name suggests spends! Find a safe home | Web Leominster, Herefordshire or on our website www.britishhedgehogs.org.uk also killed by foxes pine...

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