And Cain said to the Lord, "My punishment is too great to bear. Cain means ‘getting’ or ‘producing’ Abel means ’emptiness’ or ‘futility’ God: in this story, God is a manifestation of Order and Harmony. Once, when they were grown men, both Cain and Abel offered sacrifices to God. For other uses, see, The first sons of Adam and Eve in the Bible, "My Brother's Keeper" redirects here. According to the author, the source of religious wars is revealed. The first children of Adam and Eve, born after the Fall of Man. There Cain attacks and kills Abel: the first recorded murder in human history. 4:2 – Abel's name could be associated with "vapor" or "puff of air". For whether you offer well, 4. When Cain saw that Abel's pleased God whereas … Abel gave an offering to God, and it was the best he had. When it was time to offer sacrifices to God, Cain brought fruit from the ground and Abel brought the fat portions from some of the firstborn. He became remorseful. However, these traditional understandings of the sources of the names Cain and Abel may not be the whole story. [23][24][25], A treatise on Christian Hermeticism, Meditations on the Tarot: A Journey into Christian Hermeticism, describes the biblical account of Cain and Abel as a myth, in that it expresses, in a form narrated for a particular case, an "eternal" idea. She ran to Adam and tried to tell him what happened. There is a price to pay. Abel (hbl) is thought to derive from a reconstructed word meaning 'herdsman', with the modern Arabic cognate ibil now specifically referring only to 'camels'. The first one was Adam and Eve’s sin against God and the second one was Cain’s sin against Abel. Cain was the first farmer, while Abel was a herder. Adam knew his wife Eve and when she conceived and bore Cain she said, “I have born a man with the help of God.” Eve then bore Cain’s brother Abel. In Greek, Cain is Καιν (Kain) and Abel is Αβελ (Abel). Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s go out to the field.” While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him. Cain's posterity never makes it past the flood of Noah. It tells us the aftermath of the first sin, which is the lawlessness against the will of God and that sin will make us suffer as Cain did. 4:8 – "Let us go out to the field" does not appear in the, 4:9 – the phrase traditionally translated "am I my brother's keeper?" Abdullah ibn Mas'ud reported that Muhammad said in a hadith:[16]. The story of Cain and Abel has no other meaning than a straightforward account of the result of sin, in this case jealousy, leading eventually to violence and murder. She lives in a quiet suburb with her family and four cats. It is also good to note that the brothers’ story was a story of man’s sin against each other. What Is the Meaning and Significance of Cain and Abel? The story of Cain and Abel is one of those passages. Cain has murdered Abel!". Like other prominent biblical figures, Cain and Abel appear in many works of art, including works by Titian, Peter Paul Rubens and William Blake. is Hebrew, Adapted from Ibn Abul-Hatim's narrative in, Meditations on the Tarot: A Journey into Christian Hermeticism, "Abel - Ontology of Quranic Concepts from the Quranic Arabic Corpus", "Lucifer's Tom Ellis: Sinnerman Story Twist 'Opens Up a Nice Can of Worms,' Tees Up a 'Strange Bromance, "Lucifer Casts Cain's Brother Abel, With a Twist! or whether you do not, Cain and Abel. Because of this, Cain became jealous and killed his brother bringing him into years of wandering and unfruitfulness. Cain and Abel are traditional English renderings of the Hebrew names. In this passage, Jesus emphasized the value of loving our brothers and sisters as we love ourselves after emphasizing that the first commandment is to love God with all our hearts. Abel could have easily ignored God even though he had ample time, whereas Cain could have chosen to spend time with God, even though his time was limited. [ii] And she bore as well his brother Abel, and Abel became a herder of sheep while Cain was a tiller of the soil. [21], Some Muslim scholars puzzled over the mention of offerings in the narrative of Cain and Abel. Cain, on the other hand, would marry her less beautiful sister. But the Lord said to him, “Not so; anyone who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.” Then the Lord put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him. Able became a shepherd and gave the best from his flock of sheep. Satan is a great deciever. I don’t condone murder, but I’ve often found myself feeling sorry for Cain and upset with God over his treatment of Cain. Abel, the first murder victim, is sometimes seen as the first martyr; while Cain, the first murderer, is sometimes seen as an ancestor of evil. God didn’t treat the brothers equally. And in the process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord." And the Lord said to Cain, [5] Just how late is a matter for dispute: the history may be as late as the Hellenistic period (first decades of the 4th century BCE),[6] but the high level of Babylonian myth behind its stories has led others to date it to the Babylonian exile (6th century BCE). While Cain was a farmer, Abel was a skilled shepherd who took care of the family's animals. These are in turn Greek transliterations of the Hebrew. "Hit Abel's head with a stone and kill him," whispered the devil to Cain. (Alter 2008:29). Genesis 4:3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. This article is about the first and second sons of Adam and Eve. [14], The story appears in the Quran, in Surah 5, verses 27 to 31:[15]. The farmer and the herder were the first two sons of Adam and Eve and their story is a very famous story in the Bible that is popularly associated with the story of brothers, obedience, and disobedience of God’s instructions and the implications of murder. Both Cain and Abel desired to marry Adam's beautiful daughter, Aclima (Arabic: Aqlimia'). A reader named Sue posed this spiritual conundrum: The Cain and Abel story in the Bible is the first example of murder. God liked Abel… As a result, it was decided that Abel would marry Aclima. Some scholars believed that Cain's motives were plain jealousy and lust. Adam made love to his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. No soul is wrongfully killed except that some of the burden falls upon the son of Adam, for he was the first to establish the practice of murder. It also meant that the land may become a village with houses near its crops. The story has 3 … However, she could not speak because she could not stop wailing. And so, cursed shall you be by the soil that gaped with its mouth to take your brother's blood from your hand. [1] Cain, the firstborn, was a farmer, and his brother Abel was a shepherd. The Lord offered Cain an opportunity to repent, but Cain denied knowing where Abel was, as if he could fool God. See more. Both of their industries were good, and they used it to sustain their life. Abel, a generous shepherd, offered the fattest of his sheep as an oblation to God. In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the Lord. Eve did not know what murder was or how death felt like. She asked, bewildered and horrified, "Woe to you! Abel believed and trusted God (Hebrews 11:4). "Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. God accepted Abel's offering and rejected Cain's—an indication that Abel was more righteous than Cain, and thus worthier of Aclima. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The story of Cain and Abel has always been used as a deterrent from murder in Islamic tradition. The word קין (qayin, from the root QN) means to acquire or possess something which is why Eve (chavah in Hebrew) said "I have gotten/acquired (qanah, also from the root QN) a man" (Gen 4:1). “Am I my brother’s keeper?”, The Lord said, “What have you done? [iii] And Cain said to Abel his brother, "Let us go out to the field," and when they were in the field Cain rose against Abel his brother and killed him. And it happened in the course of time that Cain brought from the fruit of the soil an offering to the Lord. In Hebrew Cain is קין (qayin) and Abel is חבל (havel). Glory Dy has been a content creator for more than 10 years. God rejects Cain’s sacrifice while accepting Abel’s, then in the next scene, Cain kills his brother. Cain's envy was the more vile and malignant, towards his brother Abel, because when his sacrifice was better accepted, there was no body to look on. Why is your face downcast? During the time Genesis was written, farming was seen as a laborious trade. The apocryphal Life of Adam and Eve tells of Eve having a dream in which Cain drank his brother's blood. In some manuscripts, the text specifies that Cain wanted to go out into the field with Abel. Farming is a very tedious industry, so taking the time to reflect on the meaning of life and pray is very difficult to manage. God knows the number of hairs on our heads (Luke 12:27). Offerings and sacrifices were ordained only after the revelation of Tawrat to Musa. Abel (hbl) is thought to derive from a reconstructed word meaning 'herdsman', with the modern Arabic cognate ibil now specifically referring only to 'camels'. This led some scholars, such as Sa'id ibn al-Musayyib, to think that the sons of Adam mentioned in the Quran are actually two Israelites, not Cain and Abel. The Lord looked with favor on Abel and his offering,  but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. In an attempt to prevent the prophecy from happening the two young men are separated and given different jobs.[27]. Cain brought to the Lord the fruit of the ground, and Abel brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat portions (Genesis 4:3–4). Farming meant dominance of the land, while the nomadic way of life consisted of lingering, but not dominating. First, it tells the competing ways of life of the two brothers, which are farming and herding — one who made no time for God and the other who made ample time. but you will rule over it.". The meaning and significance of the story of Cain and Abel can be summarized into two points. And the Lord said to him, "Therefore whoever kills Cain shall suffer sevenfold vengeance." And Cain knew his wife and she conceived and bore Enoch. Cain wants to acquire and possess, whereas his ethereal, “spaced out” brother simply wants to be in the moment. Why Is it Important to Study the Various Characters in the Bible? In the early years, farming life and nomadic ways of life were contradictory. Name means “breath”, “breathing”, “vanity (that is transitory)” (Click here to see the original Hebrew word and its definition; Click here to see the original Greek word and its definition). Abel symbolizes spiritual mindedness; Cain symbolizes worldly mindedness and/or egoism. Could I not have been like this raven and covered up my brother's body?' He does not drink. When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. If you raise your hand to kill me, I will not raise mine to kill you. Cain and Abel were in two different industries. The second sin is very significant in our Christian lives. He is the elder brother of Abel, and the firstborn son of Adam and Eve, the first couple within the Biblical tale. He murdered Abel and was banished by the Lord from the settled country. The murder of Abel disrupts and offends universal harmony. There's only one person named Abel ( הבל) in the Bible. The brothers made sacrifices to God, each of his own produce, but God favored Abel's sacrifice instead of Cain's. And Abel too had brought from the choice firstlings of his flock, and the Lord regarded Abel and his offering but did not regard Cain and his offering. It has been proposed that the etymology of their names may be a direct pun on the roles they take in the Genesis narrative. Our 50 Favorite Christmas Bible Verses for the Holiday Season, The Christmas Bible Story: Read the Nativity of Jesus in Scripture. It shows us how brothers can become mortal enemies through the very fact that they worship the same God in the same way. He was a farmer who gave an offering of his crops to God with which God was not pleased and favored Abel's over Cain. Since then, women wail broken-heartedly when a loved one dies. Modern scholars typically view the stories of Adam and Eve and Cain and Abel to be about the development of civilization during the age of agriculture; not the beginnings of man, but when people first learned agriculture, replacing the ways of the hunter-gatherer. Abel was a keeper of sheep, which means Abel was a keeper of the Spirits of Truth, which are the Spirits of understanding in which there is life. John Byron (Cain and Abel in Text and Tradition, 30-32) notes that ancient interpreters drew the motivation for Cain's murder of Abel out of their names: In the Hebrew version of Gen 4:2 Cain's name is part of a word play in Eve's cryptic statement made at her first son's birth. Cain grew up to be a farmer. God was pleased with the lamb that was offered by Abel and was not pleased by the crops that were offered by Cain. Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil. Cain (qyn) is thought to be cognate to the mid-1st millennium BCE South Arabian word qyn, meaning 'metalsmith'. Mankind sins first against God, and then against each other. Photo Credit: ©iStock/Getty Images Plus/IrisImages. [4] Like almost all of the persons, places and stories in the Primeval history (the first eleven chapters of Genesis), they are mentioned nowhere else in the Hebrew Bible, a fact that suggests that the History is a late composition attached to Genesis to serve as an introduction. Muslim scholars were divided on the motives behind Cain's murder of Abel, and further why the two brothers were obliged to offer sacrifices to God. Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.”. 2. Because of the second sin, we are reminded about the importance of Jesus in our lives. and for you is its longing, [3], Cain and Abel are symbolic rather than real. If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? It was the heart choices that these men made within their livelihoods that ultimately mattered to God. Cain and Abel are traditional English renderings of the Hebrew names Qayin and Havel ().The original text did not provide vowels. Cain was a tiller of the ground which means Cain was a grower and gatherer of knowledge. [17][18], According to another tradition, the devil appeared to Cain and instructed him how to exact revenge on Abel. The scriptural text specifically signifies Abel's offering as a first fruits tribute, whereas there is no such comment in reference to Cain's offering. Cain represents product, whereas Abel represents process. He is the second son of Adam and Eve; brother of Cain and Seth (Genesis 4:2). The one whose offering God accepted would marry Aclima. All rights reserved. It is not the difference in dogma or ritual which is the cause, but the "pretention to equality" or "the negation of hierarchy. This view was first explained by Philo of Alexandria, an older contemporary of St. Paul Philo’s Psychological Exegesis of Cain and Abel 611 views In meditation the goal is to keep our concentration on the divine represented by Abel . So, Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast. It has been proposed that the etymology of their names may be a direct pun on the roles they take in the Genesis narrative. ", The Creation of the World and Other Business, Doraemon: Nobita's Diary on the Creation of the World, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cain_and_Abel&oldid=995112165, Articles about multiple people in the Bible, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 08:19. 1. cain and abel name numerology is 3 and here you can learn how to pronounce cain and abel, cain and abel origin and similar names to cain and abel name. at the tent flap sin crouches This passage greatly reflects on the story of Cain and Abel and how the loss of love towards his brother has put Cain into eternal wandering and confusion. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain so that whoever found him would not slay him. In the Bible, farming, which was Cain’s industry, was a metaphor for Mesopotamia and Egypt, which were both enemies during this time. Seeking to end the dispute between them, Adam suggested that each present an offering before God. He does not move [That's what murder and death are]," answered the Devil. This rejection made Cain angry and God admonished Cain to do the right thing and his sacrifice would be accepted. Is Epiphany (Three Kings Day) a Biblical Holiday? and if thou doest not well, sinlieth at the door. Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?”, “I don’t know,” he replied. Does this mean that Cain killed Abel out of jealousy, or could other factors have been present? Cain, a farmer, became enraged when the Lord accepted the offering of his brother Abel, a shepherd, in preference to his own. On the other hand, Abel’s industry was herding, which meant that he could be anywhere and not in a specific land. [v] And He said, "What have you done? They died in Noah's flood among other tyrants and unbelievers. Cain is a Biblical figure in the Book of Genesis within Abrahamic religions. Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2020, Christianity.com. Second, is the fact that mankind sins against God first and then against each other. Ok, so he’s participating in this sacrificial ritual. This seems likely because Cain’s name in Hebrew means “acquired” and she may have thought that she … ABEL – second son of Adam and Eve, murdered by older brother Cain (Gen. 4:2, 8). Eve burst out into tears and started to wail madly. Eve may well have believed that her son might be that redeemer and that is why she called him Cain and said “I have gotten a man with the help of the Lord” (Gen 4:1). He knew Abel was killed. Cain feared that in his exile he could be killed by anyone, so the Lord gave him a sign for his protection and a promise that if he were killed, he would be avenged sevenfold. your brother's blood cries out to me from the soil. It’s important to note that it wasn’t the lifestyles themselves, but the choice each brother made in their hearts. Cain and Abel also appear in a number of other texts, and the story is the subject of various interpretations. Who Are the Sheep and the Goats in Matthew 25? [iv] And the Lord said to Cain, "Where is Abel your brother? God favored Abel’s sacrifice, but He didn’t extend that same grace to Cain. 3. First, it tells the competing ways of life of the two brothers, which are farming and herding — one who made no time for God and the other who made ample time. Abel could have easily ignored God even though he had ample time, whereas Cain could have chosen to spend time with God, even though his time was limited. It was the heart choices that these men made within their livelihoods that ultimately mattered to God. [20], After burying Abel and escaping from his family, Cain got married and had children. Then he became the builder of a city and he called the name of the city like his son's name, Enoch. Cain and Abel are traditional English renderings of the Hebrew names. Understanding the role of the brothers’ industries — farming and herding. It mirrors our defeat. 4:1 – The Hebrew verb "knew" implies intimate or sexual knowledge, along with possession. The story of Cain's murder of Abel and its consequences is told in Genesis 4:1–18:[2], [i] And the human knew Eve his woman and she conceived and bore Cain, and she said, "I have got me a man with the Lord." [Prophet], tell them the truth about the story of Adam's two sons: each of them offered a sacrifice, and it was accepted from one and not the other. Ancient interpreters explore many possible motivations, from the simple to the bizarre. [7][8] A prominent Mesopotamian parallel to Cain and Abel is the Sumerian myth of the Courtship of Inanna and Dumuzid,[7][8][9] in which the shepherd Dumuzid and the farmer Enkimdu compete for the affection of the goddess Inanna,[10] with Dumuzid (the shepherd) winning out. And Abel also brought an offering — fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. So Cain went out from the Lord’s presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden. Listen! 7 If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? People in the story of Cain & Abel. Being a farmer then meant settling in one land and making it fruitful by producing crops. What is murder?". Cain and Abel were different in many ways. and why is your face fallen? Rabbi David Zaslow argues Cain's name reflects another possible meaning of kanah, namely "to build," as Cain goes on to build a city, among other things.As a builder and creator, his name is related to a word meaning "smith" (as in metalworker). And he said, "I do not know: am I my brother's keeper?" "Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground," thus representing the two fundamental pursuits of civilized life, the two earliest subdivisions of the human race. Cain (qyn) is thought to be cognate to the mid-1st millennium BCE South Arabian word qyn, meaning 'metalsmith'. Blinded by anger and lust for Aclima, Cain sought to get revenge on Abel and escape with Aclima. Cain represents doing, whereas Abel represents being. God accepted (various translations say “regarded” “respected” or “favored”) Abel’s offering, but did not accept Cain’s offering. He lived a simple life and had so much time to tell stories and reflect on the meaning of life and pray, which he actively chose to do. It also meant that there would be farming practices that would poison the land. "[26], There were other, minor traditions concerning Cain and Abel, of both older and newer date. Cain also gave an offering to God, but the Bible says God was not happy with it. [11] Another parallel is Enlil Chooses the Farmer-God,[12] in which the shepherd-god Emesh and the farmer-god Enten bring their dispute over which of them is better to the chief god Enlil,[13] who rules in favor of Enten (the farmer). God gave His only begotten Son to save us from sin and Jesus’ commandments reflected on this as it is written in Mark 12:30-31, Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’ The second is this: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no commandment greater than these.”. But if you refuse to do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires you, but you must master it.”… Cain is the first son of Adam and Eve, the first human conceived the way we were all conceived (Genesis 4:1), and also the first murderer (Genesis 4:8).His victim is his brother Abel, who is the first human to die.For his deed Cain is exiled and he flees to the land of Nod.. Abel has no posterity. After the murder, the devil hurried to Eve shouting: "Eve! If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? This theory would make the names descriptive of their roles, where Abel works with livestock, and Cain with agriculture—and would parallel the names Adam (אדם‎, ‘dm, 'man') and Eve (חוה‎, ḥwh, 'life-giver'). The scriptural text specifically denotes Cain and Abel's profession. [19] A different tradition narrates that while Cain was quarreling with Abel, the devil killed an animal with a stone in Cain's sight to show him how to murder Abel. Some scholars suggest the pericope may have been based on a Sumerian story representing the conflict between nomadic shepherds and settled farmers. So Abel represented God and truth, Cain represented our own thoughts and ideas, the mind! Should ‘Let He Who Is Without Sin Cast the First Stone’ Be in the Bible? (Alter 2008:29). God sent a raven to scratch up the ground and show him how to cover his brother's corpse and he said, 'Woe is me! One said, 'I will kill you,' but the other said, 'God only accepts the sacrifice of those who are mindful of Him. Abel definition, the second son of Adam and Eve, slain by his brother, Cain. However, their significance in terms of a more profound understanding of these two characters is not widely known. This theory would make the names descriptive of their ro… If we try to interpret it simply historically, if we try to think of it as an incident in the actual evolutionary development of man, we will lose much of the story’s rich meaning. People had no time but to focus on the crops and it also meant the entire family doing the laborious trade. More important, their attitude toward God was different. But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.”. In Hebrew, Cain is קין (qayin) and Abel is הבל (havel). So Cain became very angry, and his countenance fell. Cain became a farmer and made an offering of his fruit to God. And … cain and abel name meaning available! Abel raised sheep. "He [Abel] does not eat. A restless wanderer shall you be on the earth." He holds the dubious honor of being the first person to die, to die due to a violent act, to die as the result of a crime, and to die childless. Genesis 4. Meanwhile, herding cattle was seen as a better trade with work-life balance. This fact is significant because it tells us to be grateful to our Lord Jesus Christ for saving us from both these sins and reminds us of the two very important commandments — to love God and to love our neighbors. 1. The name "Cain", which means "smith", resembles the verb translated as "gotten" but also possibly meaning "to make". Abel story in the Bible says God was not happy with it city like his son 's name could associated... Gaped with its mouth to take your brother 's keeper? ”, the of! He could fool God he didn ’ t extend that same grace to,! And also made him self-sufficient are reminded about the first one was Cain s!, sinlieth at the door motives were plain jealousy and lust for,. Sue posed this spiritual conundrum: the first children of Adam and Eve ’ s important to Study Various! Escape with Aclima abdullah ibn Mas'ud reported that Muhammad said in a number of other,! And so cain and abel meaning cursed shall you be by the Lord set a mark upon Cain that! 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