Ajrak is another specialty of Cholistan. which extends upto the Thar desert extending over to Sindh. Different types of textile products are produced in the region e.g Khaddar fabrics and fine quality khaddar bedclothes are made here. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. [6] Various fairs and festivals are common in the Indus Valley. Gold and silver bangles are also a product of Cholistan. However certain festivals gradually became part of their religion as they settled in the sub continent. Prior permission of the senior Amir of Bahawalpur is required to enter the fort. It has the major importance for satisfying the area’s major needs for cottage industry as well as milk meat and fat. Cholistan is locally known as Rohi. Chunri is another form of dopattas, having innumerable colors and patterns like dots, squares, and circles on it. The annual Urs is held at the beginning of March. This river, the bed of which can be seen clearly etched into the desert landscape, supported settlements from ca. In the winters as animals are less in numbers and the weather becomes harsh, they switch to various artistic crafts such as cloth weaving, pottery and leatherwork. Six-and-a-half million acres of sprawling desert, nine men to each square kilometre of sand — yet on that morning, Cholistan seemed very much like a small town. Indus Valley Desert. It is believed that it came into existence way back in 500 BC. The estimated number of livestock in the desert areas is 1.6 million. The Cholistan Desert, also locally known as Rohi, sprawls 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km. The surface of the desert is a wild maze of sand dunes and sand ridges. It meets to the Thar Desert which is stretched to Sindh and then into India. The Cholistan Desert, locally known as Rohi, constitutes the south eastern region of Punjab Province with an estimated area of 26,000 square KM, covering the districts of … It sprawls in Bahawalpur area of Punjab, Pakistan. Later, a singer from a nearby town will arrive rattling on a scooter, a man in a festive yellow kameez with perfect black hair and brilliant white teeth and the self-conscious air of a minor celebrity, but for now women gather outside the hut of the bride and sing songs: old ones passed down over generations and newer ones popular on the radio, their desert dialect speckled with slang and snatches of Urdu: It is the hyperbolic lament of a doomed lover – a sad song, technically – but the women don’t sing it in that manner. With all these blessings, pakistan is still part of the 3. The principal inhabitants of the region surrounding Bahawalpur are Jat and Baloch peoples.… The language suffered a great loss when the Saraiki-speaking Hindus migrated to India during the Partition, and were replaced by the Muslim refugees from there. Khwaja Ghulam Farid was a Sufi poet, who through his mystical writings and poetry not only developed the language a lot, but also gave it a boost. This famous desert is 30 Km from Bahawalpur and comprises of an area of 16,000 sq.km. southern part of Bahawalpur Division (map 1). You live in a palace-like bungalow, we have only our humble huts. There is a rain forest in Cholistan named “Dodhla Forest”. BAHAWALPUR: Bahawalpur police claimed to have arrested two suspected Indian spies from the Cholistan desert area.On the directives of the court, the suspects have been sent to … The tombs have nice glazed blue tile work. Cholistan Desert is locally known as “Rohi ‘and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab. Farther east, the Rohi, or Cholistan, is a barren desert tract, bounded on the north and west by the Hakra depression with ruins of old settlements along its high banks; it is still inhabited by nomads. The Cholistan Desert, also locally known as Rohi, sprawls 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km². As mentioned above, the Indus Valley has always been occupied by the wandering nomadic tribes, who are fond of isolated areas, as such areas allow them to lead life free of foreign intrusion, enabling them to establish their own individual and unique cultures. Aug 27, 2018 - The Cholistan Desert, also locally known as Rohi, sprawls 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km. Cholistan is a desert and almost is stretched upon an area of 26300 square kilometers. The average annual rainfall is only 12 cm, and the little cultivation is made possible by underground wells, drawn up by the camels. Around 1.6 million cattle are found in the area and they can be easily increased to a great level if only the government puts in special efforts to upgrade the productivity of this area. The Cholistanis are fond of jewelry, especially gold jewelry. Other articles where Cholistan is discussed: Bahawalpur: Farther east the Rohi, or Cholistan, is a barren desert tract, bounded on the north and west by the Hakra depression with mound ruins of old settlements along its high banks; it is still inhabited by nomads. The backbone of Cholistan economy is cattle breeding. The Cholistan is a desert covering an area of 26,000 Km 2 located between 27°42′ and 29°45′ N latitude and 69°52′ and 75°24′ E longitude (Figure 1) at a height of 112 m above sea level [13-16].Its old civilization has vanished mainly due to a variety of hostile invading problems caused by the Egyptian, Harappan and Mesopotamian civilizations []. It adjoins the Thar desert extending over to Sindh and into India. in the south lies the hilly tract of Mewar. Derawar Fort is located 48 Km from Dera Nawab Sahib. which extends upto the Thar desert extending over to Sindh. It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India. 81% of the desert is sandy, while 19% is characterized by alluvial flats and small sandy dunes. Ahead of you is another world where the 21st century does not intrude. The Cholistan is the only desert that exists in both Pakistan and India. The dry bed of Hakra river lies across this area. Cholistan Desert Around 10% of Pakistan’s total landmass is covered in desert. The word Cholistan is derived from 'Cholna' which means moving. from Bahawalpur. Documentation of the knowledge exclusively from desert area of Cholistan, Pakistan is unique information in its nature. Before it became a tourist attraction, the Drawar Fort was the residence of the Nawab of Bahawalpur and there are still remains of Nawab’s quarters in the Drawar fort. Cotton turbans and shawls are also made here. The desert locust would resurface in Balochistan when the swarms would enter the province via SistanBaluchestan of Iran. These fairs and festivals were not held for the sake of pleasure alone, but their venues also served as places where city dwellers, farmers and nomads would meet once or twice a year to exchange their wares and good directly or through the intermediary of bazaar dealers. The Brela or Malgade with high yielding camel breed come to … Thar desert of Sindh adjoins by cholistan desert. The PC-1 pertains to the desiltation of 1,100 water ponds (Rs465 million) and 31 schemes of the rehabilitation of 31 damaged roads (Rs66 million) in the desert. Identifying and developing the potential areas of livestock production in the country is part of the overall developmental strategy for this sector. Adding to that the locals always wear brightly colored clothes mostly consisting of brilliant reds, blazing oranges shocking pinks, and startling yellows and greens. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. Other than the products mentioned above, Khusa (shoes) is a specialty of this area. The sages of Vedas expressed delight in the charm of female beauty. The people of Cholistan lead a semi-nomadic life, moving from one place to another in search of water and fodder for their animals. The region was once watered by the Hakra River, known as the Saravati in vedic times. Cholistan Desert is locally known as "Rohi 'and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. The rulers were the great patrons of art, and the various crafts underwent a simultaneous and parallel development, influencing each other. Cholistan Desert is 30km from Bahawalpur and extends over an area of 16,000 km². Cholistan is a desert and almost is stretched upon an area of 26300 square kilometers. Devotees gather on the night of full moon to offer “Fateha” at the tomb of the saint. It is a great tourist attraction with many awe-inspiring ancient relics as well as a rich culture. [5] Burial Ground , Uch Sharif. Camel wool is spun and woven into beautiful woolen blankets known as falsies and into stylish and durable rugs. The Drawar fort is a major tourist attraction and it attracts a lot of foreigners because of its heritage and its links to on of the oldest civilizations in the history of the world, the Indus Civilization. The camel’s leather is also utilized in making kuppies, goblets, and expensive lampshades. The Shrine of Channan Pir is located 45 Km from Derawar Fort. It’s located in the peripheries of Bahawalpur, which is one of Punjab’s most famous cities. The desert hosts an annual jeep rally, which draws many tourists. The Cholistan desert, or Rohi, is the western part of the Thar desert of the sub-continent which lies in modern Pakistan. Cholistanis now sell the wool for it brings maximum profit. This famous desert is 30 Km from Bahawalpur and comprises of an area of 16,000 sq.km. The Cholistan desert covering an area of 26,000 km 2, lies within South of Bahawalpur in the Punjab extending through the Nara and Thar deserts of Sindh between 27˚42ʹN and 29˚45ʹN latitude and 69˚52ʹE and 75˚24ʹE longitude [1] at an altitude of about 112 m above sea level [2]. It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. But what makes Cholistan most conspicuous in this respect is that here the greatest Mela of the Indus Valley is celebrated in the best Indo-Scythian tradition. It’s located in the peripheries of Bahawalpur, which is one of Punjab’s most famous cities. The name is derived from the Turkic word chol, meaning “sands”, and istan, a Persian suffix meaning “land of”. textiles, weaving, leatherwork, and pottery. The bride at the desert wedding is only a little older — 12, they say. the first line of forts began from Phulra and ended in Lera, the second from Rukhanpur to Islamgarh, and the third from Bilcaner to Khaploo. Because of the nomadic way of life the main wealth of the people are their cattle that are bred for sale, milked or shorn for their wool. It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. Towards the eastern flanks Cholistan extends into the Indian states of Rajhistan and Punjab and joins the greater Thar Desert. Cholistan Desert (Urdu, Saraiki:صحرائے چولستان), also locally known as Rohi (روہی) sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km². “There was henna on her hands,” Rasheeda said grimly, drawing the little girl close. It is located between 27°42΄00΄΄ to 29° 45΄00΄΄ north, and 69°57' 30'′ to 72° 52' 30'′ east. Cholistani khusas are very famous for the quality of workmanship, variety, and richness of designs especially when stitched and embroidered with golden or brightly colored threads. This would be the second threat of invasion by the swarms as this year the situation aggravated for the first time in many decades. The water is stored in troughs, built by the tribes, between sandhills and din waterholes called tobas. It is also one of the biggest motorsports events in Pakistan. Khes is a form of blanket with a field of black white and pattu has a white ground base. Many of us might have heard about Cholistan desert and its surrounding areas but because of lack of knowledge we don’t know anything about this far flung region of Pakistan. Mcq Added by: Mehran Ali. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Cho, which means desert. The meaning of Cholistan is Land of the Desert. Many sufi poets and saints belong to this region such as Khawaja Ghulam Farid who wrote a lot of poetry in the Seraiki language and helped the culture of this place to nurture. The people of Cholistan lead a semi-nomadic life, moving from one place to another in search of water and fodder for their animals. The Cholistan Desert also locally known as Rohi sprawls 30 km (19 mi) from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km2 (10,200 sq mi). The desert areas also support wildlife including desert gazelles, bustards, jackals, foxes, … In ancient years, the desert was a fertile … [4] Places Of Interest In Cholistan. A super quality carpet wool is produced in the area. The tomb here is attractive, built with marble and decorated with blue glazed style. Cholistan Desert . People of cholistan are innocent and their life spends while searching food from one place to … The desert locust population will enter the Cholistan area as these have already entered the areas of Tharparkar and Nara, he said. kms area. The Cholistan is the cradle of precious desert livestock breeds and camel is one of the core livestock. The meaning of Cholistan is Land of the Desert. All around them, past the caterer-provided shamianas, past the tractor trolley piled high with stacked chairs, the desert stretches endlessly: sand in the air, sand on the ground, small eddies of sand swirling into the horizon. 4. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. from Bahawalpur. From the settlements near the crumbling fort to the canal-straddled fields miles away, everyone brought up the wedding in the desert, talking about it with the casual familiarity of next-door neighbours. The language of Cholistan also reflects a number of features of its historical and geographical background. Pak Study Mcqs . The Desert is home to the famous Derawar Fort which was built by the nawabs of Bahawalpur in 1733. A beautiful cloth called Sufi is also woven of silk and cotton, or with cotton wrap and silk wool. Geographicall y it located between . Even today the likes, dislikes, attitudes, and values of the people are the same as their forefather centuries back. She sits stricken in the centre of a charpoy, bowed by jewellery and flanked by cheerful women relatives. It is at a distance of 30 km. Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. [3] Cholistan The unsettled desert. Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. So all their crafts initially stemmed from necessity but later on they started exporting their goods to the other places as well. In the desert areas of Pakistan the utility of such fairs cannot be denied that are parts of valley’s social structure now. Near the Drawar fort, the TDCP Cholistan Jeep Rally is organized every year since 2005. There is archaeological evidence that this area was once watered by the Hakra river and was home to an Indus Valley culture based on agriculture. [8] Local Crafts. Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. Der „Desert National Park“ bei Jaisalmer, welcher sich über eine Fläche von knapp über 3000 km² ausdehnt, ist ein gutes Beispiel für das Ökosystem der Thar mit seiner Fauna. Cholistan desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known as Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally which is the biggest motor sports event in Pakistan. It is what their forefathers have done, for hundreds of years. The famous Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the desert economy and livelihood1. The desert has an average rainfall of 5 inches a year and there is very little cultivation. Cholistan is the only desert that exists in both Pakistan and India. Because the word from the Turkish language which means desert. It extends south into the Thar Desert in Sindh, and east into the India's Rajisthan Desert. Some of them date back to 1000 BC, and were destroyed and rebuilt many times. The Cholistan Desert, which is locally known as Rohi, is one of the most famous and largest deserts of Pakistan. In Pakistan: The desert areas …is variously known as the Cholistan or Rohi Desert in Bahawalpur and the Pat or Thar Desert in Sind. It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. Like other desert areas, Cholistan is als o among the socio- economically poorest areas of Pakistan, l acking the facili ties of infrastructure, e fficient transport ation , education and health etc . It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and intoIndia. The Cholistan desert is spread over 10,000 square miles and is 20 miles away from the city of Bhawalpur. Setting Sun in Cholistan Desert . The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. The Cholistan is a desert covering an area of 26,000 Km2 located between 27°42′ and 29°45′ N latitude and 69°52′ and 75°24′ E longitude (Figure 1) at a height of 112 m above sea level [13-16]. It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India.The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert.Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. . Cholistan Desert. The locals similarly work in enamel, producing enamel buttons, earrings, bangles, and rings. Occupying the far south of Punjab, Cholistan is the largest desert in Pakistan, covering over 25,000 sq. which extends upto the Thar desert extending over to Sindh. Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان, also locally known as Rohi) sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km². Cholistan is a desert and almost is stretched upon an area of 26300 square kilometers. Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. Its green portion plays the role of “color belt” especially after rains when vegetation growth is at its peak. It is at a distance of 30 km. Cholistan also boasts of many old forts such as Derawar,Vingrot, Banwar, Marcot, Wilhar, Maujgharh, Mao, Phuira and Din-gharh etc. Gargas are made with numerous patterns and color, having complicated embroidery, mirror, and patchwork. The great desert though considered to be colorless and drab, is not wholly devoid of color. Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان ‎, also locally known as Rohi) sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 16,000 square kilometres (6,200 sq mi). The Hakra River runs through the desert and many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization are found along the banks of the river. Masons, stone carvers, artisans, artists, and designers started rebuilding the old cities and new sites, and with that flourished new courts, paintings, weaving, and pottery. Cholistan Desert. It may be mentioned that cotton textiles have always been a hallmark of craft of Indus valley civilization. Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان, also locally known as Rohi) sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 16,000 km². Cholistan desert of today, covers an area of about 2.6 million hectares, constituting the . The desert stretches about 480 kilometers in length, with a width varying between 32 and 192 kilometers. 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