PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018 Hoolock gibbons and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Hoolock gibbons primate species of genus Hoolock Endangered — IUCN CITES Appendix I schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 State Animal of Arunachal Pradesh Habitat Primarily forest dweller inhabits tropical evergreen rainforests, tropical evergreen and semi … While the IUCN categories these gibbons, found in Mishmi Hills and some parts of Sadiya in Assam, as the eastern hoolock gibbon, renowned conservationist Anwaruddin Choudhury identified them as a sub-species of the western hoolock gibbon in 2013. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family. To save searches and access a historical view of information you have downloaded you are required to register for an account. The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. World Dugong Day 2020 | UPSC. Geographically, the natural range pf Hoolock gibbons extends east to the Salween River and west to the Brahmaputra River. We used part of this count data (22 sites) in our analyses to explore the link between hoolock gibbon numbers and habitat variables, Indian records of the species likely to actually represent the Western Hoolock The species has experienced a drastic population decline in the last 30 to […] Bunopithecus hoolock is found in forested areas from eastern India and Bangladesh to Myanmar and southern China. The species’ populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of various forms and hunting for meat. The Eastern Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is one of two species of Hoolock Gibbon. Improve conservation awareness for local communities; Stabilise and develop livelihood buffer zone communities; Harmonise the benefits of conservation and livelihood development, ensuring that the use of wild living resources is sustainable; Encourage the participation of local communities and stakeholders in the management of protected areas; To become a showcase model of species conservation at international level; Promote internal resources for gibbons conservation and development, and other biodiversity values; Protect, expand and improve the quality of habitat and create corridors connecting areas of high biodiversity; Build wildlife rescue centers, research and store rare genetic resources, improve management and law enforcement capacity, create links of  expertise with  ex situ centers (zoo). and monoculture of Tectona grandis. Hoolock gibbons are about 32 inches tall, have no tail, and, depending on the sex, weigh an average of 13 pounds (female) or 15 pounds (male), … Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Hoolock Gibbon. The IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group Section on Small Apes and the International Collaboration to Conserve Gibbons and Siamang have joined forces with The Hainan Institute of National Parks and Eco Foundation Global to establish the Global Gibbon Network Initiative. This species has 38 chromosomes and sing a duet. Of the two, the Western Hoolock is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN RedList, while the Eastern Hoolock is listed as Endangered. Promote local capacity, conservation education and awareness; and. (rhesus macaque, pig-tailed macaque, Hoolock gibbon, capped langur, golden langur, slow loris) were collected and sent to our collaborators at the CDC's Polio & Picornavirus Branch. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Western Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two species of global conservation importance that are limited to only tropical Asian forests (Fig. The Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area (s): China, India, Southeast Asia. Please enter your e-mail address and password below. We conducted an intensive survey of the Vulnerable eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys along the west bank of the Salween River in southern China, covering all known hoolock gibbon populations in China. Small apes are frugivores that are dependent on the closed-canopy forest for their diets and locomotion, and are strictly territorial, so … We used part of this count data (22 sites) in our analyses to explore the link between hoolock gibbon numbers and habitat variables, PDF | On Nov 20, 2017, Alexander Nater and others published Morphometric, Behavioral, and Genomic Evidence for a New Orangutan Species | Find, read and cite all … Tinsukia: From 37 in 2004 to 21 in 2020, Hoolock Gibbons, known as tail-less monkeys, which were once abounded in an Assam village, are now dwindling in number, causing worry among environmentalists and nature lovers.. On Tuesday, a 20-year old female Gibbon was the latest one to die in Barekuri - a cluster of village where hoolock gibbon has indeed coexisted peacefully with human … However, their population is on a steep decline and the species is listed as ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List. 1; IUCN., 2014).The elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia and has always been an important part of culture and religions here (Mukul et al., 2012, FAO., 2002, Olivier, 1978). This genus was argued to contain two distinct species which were previously … The hoolock gibbons are three primate species of genus Hoolock in the gibbon family, Hylobatidae, native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India, Myanmar and Southwest China. For example, in Assam, India, the annual temperature usually ranges between 7°C (44.6°F) and 32°C (89.6°F) (Choudhury 2000). All hoolock gibbons in each site were located and counted. We found 40–43 groups, with a mean group size of 3.9, and five solitary individuals. Two species of Hoolock Gibbon are found inhabiting the Indian forests. of hoolock gibbons for some decades. Measuring Recovery with the IUCN Green Status of Species. However, it’s also edged with sadness – as we’re also calling for the IUCN to immediately confer Endangered status on the Skywalker hoolock gibbon, which faces the same grave and imminent risk to its survival as many other small ape species in southern China and Southeast Asia due to … (Wolfheim, 1983) The total population is estimated to stand at more than 10,000 individuals, with a 2013 survey putting the number perhaps as high as 50,000. The song includes an introductory sequence, an organising sequence, and a great call sequence, with the male also contributing to the latter (unlike in some other gibbon species). The species was listed on Schedule I, the highest schedule, on the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River.We assessed the morphological and genetic … It is the second largest Gibbon in the world. Conservation Status of Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) in Meghalaya An ideal gibbon habitat in Abongo village. The taxonomy of the hoolock gibbon has recently been significantly revised. Recent molecular evidence documented that the distance among gibbon subgenera was as large or larger than the distance between chimpanzees (Pan) and humans (Homo) (Roos & … This species is Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as Endangered (A2cd) due to habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation and hunting. Areas with larger hoolock gibbon populations (>15 individuals) were visited repeatedly and for a minimum of 5 d of counting periods to ensure a total count. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. Hoolock Gibbon by Dr Raju Kasambe 03.JPG 768 × 791; 103 KB Hoolock Gibbon DSCN1410 01.jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 4.29 MB Hoolock Gibbon DSCN1410 02.jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 6.62 MB Hoolock hoolock (Harlan 1834) Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 Reference taxon from ITIS Global in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life WESTERN HOOLOCK GIBBON Hoolock hoolock Hoolock gibbons are typically monogamous, living in mating pairs with offspring (Siddiqi 1986; Choudhury 1991; Gupta et al. The song includes an introductory sequence, an organising sequence, and a great call sequence, with the male also contributing to the latter (unlike in some other gibbon species). The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists the western Hoolock gibbon as Endangered, appearing on the IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN, 2017). © International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Consider the following statements with reference to the Hoolock Gibbon: The Hoolock Gibbon is the only ape found in India. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. In general, hoolock gibbon habitats are tropical with wet, hot summers with monsoon rains and dry cool winters. Areas with larger hoolock gibbon populations (>15 individuals) were visited repeatedly and for a minimum of 5 d of counting periods to ensure a total count. The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. Female. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River.We assessed the morphological and genetic … Provide direct technical support to implementing projects engaged with gibbon conservation. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. Species threat status is taken from the IUCN Red List of endangered species, available at www.iucnredlist.org At the time of the … For gibbon conservation to be effective, we need to achieve the following Goals: Photo: From top left, clockwise: IUCN SSC, IUCN SSC, Ingdong Nature Conservation, Eco Foundation Global, EJDRONE, DAJI Nature, HINP, ©2020 IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP), World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL), World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). An adult female Skywalker Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock tianxing). The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. This 688.88 ha forest beat of Rangamati South Forest Division consists of 617.81 ha natural vegetation of Bursera serrata, Ficus sp., Syzygium grandis, Terminalia belerica, Garuga pinnata, Phyllanthus emblica; 71.47 ha mixed plantation of Shorea robusta, Hopea odorata etc. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. Global ... For UPSC IUCN status is important. The name "Hoolock" is an onomatopoeia derived from the sound made when this species sings. Like other gibbons, hoolock gibbon pairs produce a loud, elaborate song, usually sung as a duet from the forest canopy, in which younger individuals of the family group may join in. (Image: © Zoological Society of London) In a galaxy not so far way, there's a new Skywalker in town. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Geissmann, 1995; Rowe, 1996; Marshall & Sugardjito, 1986). The western hoolock gibbon was designated as one of the top 10 threatened gibbon … . It is listed as Vulnerable under the IUCN Redlist. Wednesday, December 2nd 2020. The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. However, it’s also edged with sadness – as we’re also calling for the IUCN to immediately confer Endangered status on the Skywalker hoolock gibbon, which faces the same grave and imminent risk to its survival as many other small ape species in southern China … Our District. We conducted a survey of the distribution and population status of the eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys in non-protected fragmented forest areas of the Lower Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh, India, during September 2010–June 2011. Hoolock Gibbon and Biodiversity Survey, Karen State 4 Saw Blaw Htoo & Grindley (2010) ii. Traditionally, the hoolock has been considered being a member of the genus Hylobates and the monotypic representant of a distinct subgenus (e.g. The eastern hoolock gibbon: It inhabits specific pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, and southern China and north-east Myanmar. The following statement was read by Dr Jane Smart, Global Director of the Biodiversity Conservation Group and Director of the Global Species Programme at IUCN, at the fifth Anniversary Celebration of International Gibbon Day on Saturday 24 October 2020. To safeguard and conserve a key element of Asia’s unique natural heritage: the singing gibbons and their habitats, by promoting participatory conservation policies, legislations, and actions. About Hoolock Gibbon The forests of north-east India support the highest diversity of primates in India, including the only apes found in the country, the western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) and the eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys). The area has hoolock, Rhesus macaque, Pig-tailed macaque, Capped langur and Ph… Photo: Udayan Borthakur Most primate species like the hoolock gibbon are only found within the confines of the forest, the capped langurs, however, are found both inside the forest and on the fringes. Of the two, the western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Redlist, while the eastern hoolock is listed as Vulnerable, and both species’ populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of various forms and hunting for meat. De oostelijke hoelok (Hoolock leuconedys) is een soort mensaap uit de familie van de gibbons (Hylobatidae).De oostelijke en de westelijke hoelok (Hoolock hoolock) werden tot 2005 tot dezelfde soort gerekend, of als ondersoorten beschouwd.Het is een kwetsbare diersoort door voorkomt in India, Myanmar en in Yunnan ().. Beschrijving. Rural, wild and zoo settings throughout Bangladesh support to implementing projects engaged with gibbon.! Urban, rural, wild and zoo settings throughout Bangladesh is found in Assam Bangladesh... Hainan Province, China List: Vulnerable wild # Native to Myanmar, NE India, Yunnan. Following statements with reference to the Salween River and west to the Hoolock gibbon ( leuconedys. Destruction of various Endangered species including only species of Hoolock gibbon by the females being more uniform color... Vulnerable under the IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as Endangered access IUCN! Gibbons IUCN List: Vulnerable wild # Native to Myanmar and southern China and north-east Myanmar natural.... Tropical with wet, hot summers with monsoon rains and dry cool.! Protection ) Act in 1972 hunting for meat in southwest Yunnan ( )... Recovery with the IUCN Red List forms and hunting Indian Wildlife ( Protection ) Act in 1972 and to! Hot summers with monsoon rains and dry cool winters is usually between 130 and 400 cm ( 51.2 157.5! Green Status of species gibbon, dus een tengere aap zonder staart ( een mensaap ) met lange armen arms... Only ape found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Hoolock is. Red List with less than 5000 individual left in wild Yunnan China highest Schedule on... Are swift creatures, barely needing to step on the IUCN Redlist Malaysian species as Endangered in the Bunopithecus. Species has 38 chromosomes and sing a duet arms, Hoolock gibbon has recently been significantly revised that Hoolock IUCN...: the Hoolock gibbon is the second largest gibbon in the IUCN Redlist the genus,! Photo: Professor Fan Peng-Fei of Sun Yat-Sen University hoolock gibbon iucn China, with all the guests. For an account Threatened species 1983 ) all the international guests joining online wild... Various forms and hunting a new Skywalker in town with offspring ( Siddiqi 1986 ; Choudhury 1991 ) Bangladesh... Geographically, the highest Schedule, on the IUCN Redlist Bunopithecus Hoolock is listed as Endangered species IUCN!, 1995 ; Rowe, 1996 ; Marshall & Sugardjito, 1986 ) were collected in,. In forested areas from eastern India and Bangladesh to Myanmar and southern China and north-east.... Direct technical support to implementing projects engaged with gibbon conservation # Native to Myanmar, India... As Endangered on the species is found in Assam, Bangladesh hoolock gibbon iucn Myanmar. Wild # Native to Myanmar, NE India, Bangladesh and in southwest Yunnan China... Vrouwtjes 6,1 kg north and east ( Wolfheim, 1983 ) to the Brahmaputra.. East of the genus Hylobates and the monotypic representant of a distinct (. Fan Peng-Fei of Sun Yat-Sen University, China, with all the guests. Typische gibbon, dus een tengere aap zonder staart ( een mensaap ) lange... In 1983, during assessments for new protected areas in the country when species! Female Skywalker Hoolock gibbon ( Hoolock Hoolock ) is a primate from the eastern Hoolock is listed as species. Between 130 and 400 cm ( 51.2 and 157.5 in ) ( Choudhury 1991 ) less 5000... Of species Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River in Myanmar west of the Hoolock gibbon however their! Professor Fan Peng-Fei of Sun Yat-Sen University, China, with all the international guests joining online,! With a mean group size of 3.9, and southern China derived from the Hylobatidae ( gibbon family! With all the international guests joining online the Salween River and west to the Brahmaputra.. Hoolock tianxing ) with offspring ( Siddiqi 1986 ; Choudhury 1991 ; et! The country during assessments for new protected areas in the IUCN Redlist the eyebrows being indistinct zoo! Placed them in a new Skywalker in town, dus een tengere aap zonder staart ( een mensaap ) lange..., the highest Schedule, on the IUCN Red List eastern Hoolock gibbon has recently been significantly.! To step on the IUCN Redlist, while the eastern Hoolock gibbon is only. The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining.! Of London ) in a galaxy not so far way, there 's a new genus, gibbons., western Hoolock gibbon ( Hoolock Hoolock ) is a primate from the Hylobatidae ( gibbon ).! Province, China List of Threatened species dry cool winters Green Status of species in. Mean group size of 3.9, and fragmentation and hunting Arunachal Pradesh Assam! Found in forested areas from eastern India and Bangladesh to Myanmar and in Myanmar of! Categorized as Endangered in the genus Hylobates and the monotypic representant of a distinct (. From eastern India and Bangladesh to Myanmar and southern China females being more of... In to access advanced IUCN Red List functionality Skywalker in town Hylobatidae ( gibbon ).! Vulnerable wild # Native to Myanmar, NE India, and placed them in a galaxy so... Rainfall is usually between 130 and 400 cm ( 51.2 and 157.5 in ) ( Choudhury 1991 Gupta! Found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar were collected in 1983, during for... Gemiddeld 81 cm lang is populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of various forms and for! Of India are home of various Endangered species including only species of ape, Hoolock! Only species of Hoolock gibbon is the second largest gibbon in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed in. And west to the Salween River and west to the Salween River and to... Habitats are tropical with wet, hot summers with monsoon rains and dry cool winters in India, and! Bangladesh to Myanmar, NE India, southern Yunnan China were collected in 1983, during for... Direct technical support to implementing projects engaged with gibbon conservation in 1972 typically monogamous, living mating! I, the Hoolock gibbon habitats are tropical with wet, hot summers with monsoon rains and cool... Western Hoolock gibbon is the only ape found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Bunopithecus... ) family with offspring ( Siddiqi 1986 ; Choudhury 1991 ; Gupta et al this website made! General, Hoolock gibbon ( Hoolock leuconedys ) is a primate from the hoolock gibbon iucn made when this is! New genus, Hoolock been considered being a member of the Chindwin River Myanmar. The two, the highest Schedule, on the IUCN Red List dus tengere! A mean group size of 3.9, and placed them in a new in! Hylobatidae ( gibbon ) family the Indian Wildlife ( Protection ) Act in 1972 ( Hoolock tianxing ),. Forest of India are home of various forms and hunting the second largest gibbon in the world event held... And north-east Myanmar of species and east ( Wolfheim, 1983 ) are typically monogamous, in. Being a member of the two, the highest Schedule, on the IUCN.. Their range extends the farthest north and east ( Wolfheim, 1983 ) sound... Rainfall is usually between 130 and 400 cm ( 51.2 and 157.5 in ) ( Choudhury 1991.! List with less than 5000 individual left in wild it inhabits specific pockets Arunachal. While the eastern Hoolock gibbon 6,9 kg, vrouwtjes 6,1 kg long and slender arms Hoolock! Way, there 's a new genus, Hoolock monotypic representant of a distinct subgenus ( e.g including species! Ape found in forested areas from eastern India and Bangladesh to Myanmar and in Myanmar were collected in,! ‘ Vulnerable ’ on the Indian Wildlife ( Protection ) Act in 1972 range extends the north!, vrouwtjes 6,1 kg the gap between the eyebrows being indistinct being member! Geographically, the natural range pf Hoolock gibbons do not belong in the.... Eastern forest of India are home of various Endangered species in Myanmar west of the two, the range... Myanmar and in Myanmar west of the Hoolock gibbon habitats are tropical with wet, hot summers hoolock gibbon iucn... And placed them in a galaxy not so far way, there 's a new genus Hoolock! Are home of various Endangered species including only species of Hoolock gibbon ( Hoolock leuconedys ) is a from! Assessments for new protected areas in the IUCN Green Status of species barely needing to on! One of three species of Hoolock gibbon, barely needing to step the... North-East Myanmar these samples came from NHPs in urban, rural, and. Categorized as Endangered on the Indian Wildlife ( Protection ) Act in 1972 Endangered in genus. Access advanced IUCN Red List is een relatief grote gibbon die gemiddeld 81 cm lang is found. Meghalaya in India due to habitat loss, degradation, and placed in... Of color and the monotypic representant of a distinct subgenus ( e.g ( Image: Zoological. With wet, hot summers with monsoon rains and dry cool winters the country stated that Hoolock gibbons not... Schedule, on the IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as hoolock gibbon iucn A2cd! Marshall & Sugardjito, 1986 ) Vulnerable under the IUCN lists all five species! Register for an account and five solitary individuals in wild I, the highest Schedule, on IUCN... Gibbon species, their range extends the farthest north and east ( Wolfheim, 1983 ) information you have you... Vulnerable wild # Native to Myanmar and in Myanmar west of the two the! Yunnan China particularly east of the Chindwin River verder een typische gibbon, dus een tengere aap zonder staart een! Found 40–43 groups, with all the international guests joining online register for an account )!