Personal Update about my Changing Consciousness.  This, however, does not imply a significant gap between the two chapters, both chapters are considered ancient, and from 1st millennium BCE. They are preceded by a chapter on the Upanishads from A Defence of Indian Culture. BNK Sharma (2008), A History of the Dvaita School of Vedānta and Its Literature, Motilal Banarsidass. Katha - Upanishad and The Ultimate Knowledge T here is the instance that a realized soul and Brahman, Vajashravasa , was gifting his possessions to all and realized souls, the Brahmans. It’s the Self that will choose to reveal its reality to whomever it chooses. Paul Deussen, Sixty Upanishads of the Veda, Volume 1, Motilal Banarsidass. 21, No. Mandukya Upanishad 30 12. The True Identity of World Saviors and Genuine Gurus. 1. This position contrasts with one of the fundamental premises of the dualistic schools of Hinduism. John C. Plott et al (2000), Global History of Philosophy: The Axial Age, Volume 1, Motilal Banarsidass. This Upanishad is also known as Kathopanishad and belongs to Krishna Yajur Veda. He had a son of the name of Nakiketas. I. This universal, oneness theme is explained by the Katha Upanishad by three similes, which Paul Deussen calls as excellent. Nachiketas, hearing these words, understood that they were said because of annoyance. The body as the chariot. Although spirit is one, it assumes different shapes in different living beings. Paul Deussen states that verses 1.3.10 to 1.3.13 of Katha Upanishad is one of the earliest mentions of the elements of Yoga theory, and the recommendation of Yoga as a path to the highest goal of man, that is a life of spiritual freedom and liberation. This is the concluding part of the Upanishad where Nachiketa learns about the highest knowledge from the Lord of Death himself. The Katha Upanishad asserts that one who does not use his powers of reasoning, whose senses are unruly and mind unbridled, his life drifts in chaos and confusion, his existence entangled in samsara. 50, issue 1, pages 57-76.  The verses 1.2.7 through 1.2.11 of Katha Upanishad state Knowledge/Wisdom and the pursuit of good is difficult yet eternal, while Ignorance/Delusion and the pursuit of the pleasant is easy yet transient.  He then asks Yama, in verse 1.1.13 of Katha Upanishad to be instructed as to the proper execution of fire ritual that enables a human being to secure heaven.  Other philosophers such as Arthur Schopenhauer praised it, Edwin Arnold rendered it in verse as "The Secret of Death", and Ralph Waldo Emerson credited Katha Upanishad for the central story at the end of his essay Immortality, as well as his poem "Brahma".. THE KATHA-UPANISHAD.. तं दुर्दर्शं गूढमनुप्रविष्टं Should You Have Desires or Not? मत्वा धीरो हर्षशोकौ जहाति ॥ १२ ॥. Max Muller (1962), Katha Upanishad, in The Upanishads - Part II, Dover Publications. Paul Deussen suggests Na kṣiti and Na aksiyete, which are word plays of and pronounced similar to Nachiketa, means "non-decay, or what does not decay", a meaning that is relevant to second boon portion of the Nachiketa story. One can realize that there’s no difference between these two by the mind only. Mandukya Upanishad belongs to Atharva Veda, the third Veda, and contains twelve verses. This Valli expounds that conquest over the sense organs is a necessary prerequisite for attainment of Paramaatman. To know Atman, look inward and introspect; to know objects, look outward and examine, states Katha Upanishad. If the Bhagavadgita is a conversation between Sri Krishna and Arjuna, placed in the context of the historical event of the Mahabharata war, the Katha Upanishad is a conversation between Yama and Nachiketas. In general, in Indian sacred literature it’s very usual to present universal truths in the framework of some sort of interesting story, whose likely purpose is to make the mind more alert to the truths that follow. What’s in the visible world, is also in the invisible. It is he who realizes this who shines, his splendour shines everything with and by (Anu), the whole world shines by such joy unleashed, such splendour manifested. But he also knew that life on the earth was useless – people like plants spring from the earth only to die, and to spring forth again.  Soul is eternal, never born, never dies, part of that which existed before the universe was formed from "brooding heat". When Nachiketas was just a boy, he saw the father making another sacrifice – he was about to give away his cattle.  It is also known as Kāṭhaka Upanishad, and is listed as number 3 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. Katha Upanishad – Translated By Swami Sarvananda. , Soul is the lord of the past, the lord of the now, and the lord of the future. It … Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 18 7. Man should, asserts Katha Upanishad, holistically unify his tempered senses and mind with his intellect, all these with his Atman (Soul, great Self), and unify his "great Self" with the Self of the rest, the tranquility of Oneness with the Avyaktam and "cosmic soul". So Nachiketas refused such a boon of earthly pleasures, and instead stuck to his decision to know about the soul’s destiny after death. Some of these souls enter into the womb, in order to embody again into organic beings, Katha Upanishad. Nachiketas’ first wish was about his father. Yama granted this wish also, explaining the ritual needed to get to this dimension. (1962), Katha Upanishad, in The Upanishads - Part II, Dover Publications. The Kena Upanishad derives its name from the word 'Kena', meaning 'by whom'. Those who are not tempted by pleasure are the ones who long for wisdom. Knowledge requires effort, and often not comprehended by man even when he reads it or hears it or by internal argument. The Upanishads are ancient scriptures which form the final part of the Vedas. This is the Second part of a total of 4 classes, of the Summary of the Katha Upanishad by Swami Sarvananda. Complete Brahma Sutras 390 classes … When all the desires in the heart cease, when all the heart’s ties are cut, then the mortal becomes immortal and realizes God. The one who will reflect on this truth will find the source of true joy. Only when Manas (mind) with thoughts and the five senses stand still, , Filmmaker Ashish Avikunthak made a film based on this Upanishad called “Katho Upanishad” which was first shown as a video installation at Gallery Chatterjee & Lal in Mumbai in 2012. Defence of Indian Culture seated in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads father transience! 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