Flowers appear as branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers. Polygonaceae. It is noted for attracting wildlife. of stem bases."N. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. Today, most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed. Gastronomically there is a great divide in the Rumex family. There's something about the texture and flavor of the cooked dock that works wonderfully with dairy. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. Which Docks Are Edible? Patience dock may be found as a feral plant. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. Rumex species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species, and are the only host plants of Lycaena rubidus. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. By late spring or early summer, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, which are also edible. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. In the UK the two common species that you are likely to have come across are, Broad Leaved Dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ), and Curled Dock ( Rumex crispus ), which in the US is called Yellow Dock. Basal leaves grow up to 30 cm (1') long and 10 cm (4") across. IV. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. Once the cold temperatures have ended, bitter dock quickly produces new leaves. Click. It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. Leaves are alternate along the flowering stalks. If eating spinach is against physician's orders or for those who are prone to kidney stones, don't eat dock. Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. The most tender leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. 400g pearl barley; 8 eggs; Half a carrier bag of wild leeks or 2 large cultivated leeks; About half a carrier bag of washed dock and dandelion leaves – or any other spring green with a reasonably strong flavour such as nettle, plantain, ground elder, hogweed shoots, watercress etc. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. If this plant is seeding, a close examination will show that the seeds have sharp points (or spines) on the edges of its fruit's wings. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad-leaved Dock ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Shortly after this plant has been trampled or mowed, it sends up new shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Rumex obtusifolius (RO) has been shown to have antibacterial activity . The leaf base is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Consider chopping the petioles into small pieces, and cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed. Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. Flowers bloom (in the northern hemisphere) anywhere from June to October and the seeds ripen from July to October. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. These plant species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and ailments, including hypertension, inflammation, and bacterial infections [11, 12]. Bitter dock also grows in hot climates such as South Africa, Namibia, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia and India. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Mainer Merritt Fernald, who was the Harvard wunderkind of botany from around 1900 to 1950, said all of the 17 native Rumex species in North America were edible. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. The sour flavor of dock comes from oxalic acid, which, when consumed in large quantities, may cause kidney stones. Patience dock (R. patientia) was once cultivated as a vegetable in both the USA and Europe and is still grown as such by a small number of gardeners. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. Flowers measure about 3 to 6 mm (1/4”) long, and are light green to pinkish. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. (Taraxacum Officinale), Everything You Need to Know About Bananas. They are similar in appearance to the basal leaves, although somewhat shorter in length and more narrow and their petioles are shorter. The leaf stalks are used in salads. Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It's larger, more tender, and perhaps more delicious than any other dock plant. Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. On the other hand, Rumex plants accumulate soluble oxalate, a toxic metabolite which causes serious diseases such as renal syndrome. Curled Dock. The stems branch at the top and the plant reaches a height of 18 inches. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. Dock (Rumex spp.) Like so many greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 to 25 percent of their original volume. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. Although bitter dock seedlings find it difficult to flourish under competitive conditions, fully grown plants are able to endure being trodden over and mowed. Seeds can be found for sale online. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Yellow Dock. The leaf stalks are used in salads. How to Identify and Discern Docks Bitter Dock – Papery Sheath in Center We haven’t seen confirmation that the roots are edible from credible sources. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). The root and fruits are used as medicine. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Edible parts of some nominally “edible” plants require special preparation to be edible. During winter months, bitter dock coils up having undersized shady leaves and a solid taproot. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. It shows very small teeth on the margins of the inner tepals mostly shorter … Bitter dock grows in a variety of areas but tends to prefer shady areas with moist soils. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. Family. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. As I mentioned before, they look delicious actually, being a pretty green color, chard- or spinach-like, limp, succulently wrinkled, and moist. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. The root contains tannin and is astringent and blood purifier. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. Seeds can be used raw or cooked. Because dock has a relatively short harvest season, like so many wild greens, harvest as much as you can when it's at its peak, then blanch and freeze for later use. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Cm long, with which I have lived in a number of gardens a expert... With dairy dock comes from oxalic acid, which, when consumed in large quantities, cause... 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