USERRA is a federal law that protects the employment and job rights of military members who leave their civilian jobs to perform military service. USERRA became law on October 13, 1994, and its reemploy - ment provisions apply to all members of the uniformed services seeking civilian reemployment on or after December 12, 1994. USERRA also requires that reasonable efforts (such as training or retraining) be made to enable returning servicemembers to qualify for reemployment. USERRA entitles most returning service members to reemployment after a period of service. For more information about U.S. Department of Labor employment and training programs for veterans, contact the Veterans' Employment and Training Service office: This is one of a series of fact sheets highlighting U.S. Department of Labor programs. Even if prior to military leave an employee provides written notice that he or she does not intend to return to work following the leave, USERRA requires that the employee be considered to be on furlough or leave of absence while away. /*-->*/. It allows for the service member to return to his previous job without fear of discrimination or retaliation. It includes all elements of compensation such as drawing accounts, bonuses and shift premiums. An official website of the United States government. you return to work or apply for reemployment in a timely manner after conclusion of service; and you have not been separated from service with a disqualifying ... USERRA protects the job rights of individuals who voluntarily or involuntarily leave employment positions to undertake military service or certain types of service in the National Disaster Medical System. Subject to several exceptions, employees covered by USERRA must also have fewer than five years of cumulative uniformed military service while with that employer; must return to work or apply for reemployment within a timely manner after the conclusion of their service; and must not have been separated from service with a disqualifying discharge or under conditions other than honorable. 1002.181 states that ‘prompt’ typically means within two weeks of the employee’s application to return to work, unless unusual circumstances exist.